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Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)
Image courtesy of ©2019 Missouri Botanic Garden
Species Distribution Map
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Typha latifolia

broadleaf cattail

Warm-season grass
Excellent erosion control
Wetland Indicator Status, Region 1: OBL

Broadleaf cattail is topped with those familiar brown, fluffy, sausage-shaped flowering heads, and is highly suited for stormwater management and phytoremediation.

SIZE
Typha latifolia LP50 - 50 per flat Availability
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Height

4-5 Feet

Spread

4-8 Feet

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Green

USDA Hardiness Zone 2-11

broadleaf cattail Interesting Notes

Geese and muskrats use the stems and roots as a food source, moose and elk eat fresh spring shoots. Shelter and nesting cover are provided for long-billed marsh wrens, redwing blackbirds, and yellow-headed blackbirds.

The Klamath and Modoc peoples of northern California and southern Oregon made flexible baskets of twined cattail.  The Cahuilla Indians used the stalks for matting, bedding material, and ceremonial bundles.


Native Distribution

Typha latifolia Growing and Maintenance Tips

Cattails tolerate water level fluctuations, perennial flooding, reduced soil conditions, and moderate salinity.


Typha latifolia generally occurs in shallower water than Typha angustifolia.

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Sun
Full Sun
Part Sun
Part Sun
Summer
Summer
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Songbird-friendly
Songbird-friendly
Salt Tolerance
Salt Tolerance
Cut Flower
Cut Flower

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Wet
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Spring / Early Summer
Attributes
Native to North America
Propagation Type
Open pollinated