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Spigelia marilandica (woodland pinkroot)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Spigelia marilandica

woodland pinkroot

One of the most striking and beautiful of our native perennials, woodland pinkroot's summer flowers are brilliant red and tubular with canary yellow throats. A very hardy plant, though it is best planted by the end of July for reliable success in gardens and containers. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, it is at home in the bright woodland or shaded border.

SIZE
Spigelia marilandica LP32 - 32 per flat Availability
Spigelia marilandica - 72 per flat Availability
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Height

12-18 Inches

Spread

12-16 Inches

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Red

USDA Hardiness Zone 6-9

woodland pinkroot Interesting Notes

One of the most striking and beautiful of our native perennials, woodland pinkroot's summer flowers are brilliant red and tubular with canary yellow throats. Spigelia marilandica is a very hardy plant and adaptable to a wide variety of soil and light conditions. It grows 1-2’ tall and just 1’ wide, it is a favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds. An underused and underappreciate native woodland plant that combines beautifully with Chrysogonum virginianum, Aquilegia canadensis, Dryopteris marginalis, and Heuchera americana ‘Dale’s Strain’.

Spigelia marilandica grows best in partial to full shade in rich soil with high organic content. Found from Maryland south to Florida and west to Illinois and Texas, woodland pinkroot naturally occurs in moist woods and streambanks. 

While we endorse planting Spigelia marilandica in its preferred location, we have also planted it in dry deep shade and in full sun with great success. This plant is truly adaptable. Pollinated by Ruby-throated hummingbirds, woodland pink root are generally unbothered by other animals or insects due to the toxic nature of its foliage and roots with alkaloids and calcium oxalate crystals– only when desperate do deer lightly graze the foliage. This plant is perfect for woodland gardens, hummingbird gardens, and native plant gardens.

Spigelia marilandica Growing and Maintenance Tips

Grow in partial to full shade in rich soil with high organic content. It is best planted by the end of July for reliable success in gardens and containers and prefers not to be transplanted once established. Disease and pests rarely bother this plant. Woodland pinkroot comes up quite late in the spring, so mark the planting spot to avoid accidentally over-planting it. To extend the season of bloom, deadhead spent flowers.

Good Substitutions

Spigelia marilandica 'Little Redhead'

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Shade
Full Shade
Part Sun
Part Sun
Moist
Moist
Pollinator-friendly
Pollinator-friendly
Hummingbird-friendly
Hummingbird-friendly

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Average
Green Infrastructure
Woodland
Plug Type
Horticultural Plug
Landscape Plug™
For Animals
Caution: Toxic
Attributes
Native to North America
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Spring / Early Summer
Propagation Type
Vegetative