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Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)
Image courtesy of cc 2010 Katja Schulz
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Solidago sempervirens

seaside goldenrod

Clusters of large, bright yellow flower heads
Dark green, somewhat succulent foliage
Salt tolerant
Wetland Indicator Status: FACW

An east coast native that is useful for dune restoration projects, stormwater management, roadside, and habitat plantings.

Solidago sempervirens LP50 - 50 per flat Availability
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3-6 Feet


2-3 ft


18 Inches

Bloom Color


USDA Hardiness Zone 3-9

seaside goldenrod Interesting Notes

Convincing gardeners to grow goldenrods is a bit like trying to sell Toyotas in Detroit, but I will continue anyway. They are certainly ubiquitous in the fall landscape and are still wrongly accused of causing hayfever. Therefore, it bears repeating that goldenrods, like aster, Joe-Pye, ironweeds, and all the Composites, are insect-pollinated, so their pollen is heavy and sticky in order to facilitate transfer by our six-legged friends. It is the wind-pollinated plants like grasses, ragweed and many trees (I am allergic to maples for example) that produce the great quantities of light, airborne pollen that get into our noses and throats and cause the immune reaction known as hayfever. There are goldenrods for every situation, and if you avoid the aggressively weedy species like S. canadensis (My apologies to Canada) and S. graminifolia, they are agreeable garden subjects at home in the border, meadow, rock, or shade garden. Once I started to learn the different species, I became more and more aware of their subtle differences and convinced of their important role in native ecosystems as soil stabilizers and sources of food and shelter for wildlife. They are beautiful in leaf and flower, too, and no wildflower garden is complete without a few of our hundred or so species scattered around. - William Cullina, The New England Wild Flower Society Guide to Growing and Propagating Wildflowers, p. 197

Native to eastern coastal areas stretching from Newfoundland to Texas. It has become naturalized in the Great Lakes regions. It grows naturally along roadsides, in pinewoods, coastal marshes, esturaine, bay shores and in dry to damp soils. High saline soil and salt spray tolerance.

A major food source for fall migrating monarch butterfly; also provides benefits to native wildlife such as songbirds, butterflies, and small mammals.

Solidago sempervirens Growing and Maintenance Tips

A low maintenance native that makes a great addition to pollinator gardens and ornamental flower beds. Pinch the growing tips in early summer if a more compact plant is desired. Cut stems back down to the ground after flowering, as they will not bloom again.

Naturally grows in coastal areas in sand with high salt levels, only reaching about 3 feet tall because of the extreme site conditions. If you plant it in rich, moist garden soil it can grow up to 6 feet tall and may require staking. Overwatering and overfertilization can cause masses of foliage with few flowers.

Good Substitutions

goldenrod Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Sun
Full Sun
Salt Tolerance
Salt Tolerance
Drought Tolerant
Drought Tolerant

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Summer
Green Infrastructure
Bioretention/Rain Garden
Native to North America
Propagation Type
Open pollinated