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Echinacea purpurea (purple coneflower)

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Technical sheet - Echinacea
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Echinacea purpurea

purple coneflower

One of the great butterfly magnets of the native perennial garden! Coneflowers are easy to grow in average to dry, well drained soils. Flowers with large orange gold spiky centers and strong reflexed rose pink petals appear in July and August. Very drought tolerant.

Echinacea purpurea LP50 - 50 per flat Availability
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2-3 Feet


18-24 Inches


12 Inches

Bloom Color


USDA Hardiness Zone 4-9

purple coneflower Interesting Notes

Imagine your surprise seeing a bright yellow finch breakfasting on your purple coneflower. This easy to grow perennial is suited for naturalizing in masses as well as the perennial border. Each stalk bears a spiny, orange center surrounded by showy, drooping ray petals that are typically purplish pink. Numerous cultivars are available in a range of colors and heights. Typical purple coneflower is 2-4’ tall. This wildflower performs best in full sun, but tolerates filtered shade with fewer flowers. Purple coneflower grows well in a wide range soil types as long as they are well drained. It combines well with Schizachyrium scopariumAndropogon virginicusCoreopsis majorSilphium mohrii, and Rudbeckia hirta. - Mt. Cuba Center

Infallible and dramatic, Echinacea purpurea is one of the all time favorite native wildflowers for sun. Seed heads provide food for birds; flowers provide food for the soul. - Garden in the Woods

The prominent, bristly seed heads of Echinacea inspired the generic name of the plant, taken from the Greek word echinos, meaning hedgehog.

Echinacea purpurea Growing and Maintenance Tips

Grow in full sun in dry to moist, well-drained soils.

Good Substitutions

coneflower Echinacea purpurea 'Green Twister'
purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan'
yellow purple coneflower Echinacea paradoxa
purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Sun
Full Sun
Part Sun
Part Sun
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Cut Flower
Cut Flower
Salt Tolerance
Salt Tolerance
Drought Tolerant
Drought Tolerant

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Horticultural Plug
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Summer
Green Infrastructure
Green Roof
Native to North America
Propagation Type
Open pollinated