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Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine, Canadian columbine)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Aquilegia canadensis

wild columbine, Canadian columbine

Red flowers with yellow centers hang like drifts of softly illuminated lanterns in April and May. Excellent as a shady rock garden naturalizer, it also is quite content in average garden conditions. Occurs naturally in rich rocky woods, north-facing slopes, cliffs, ledges, pastures, and roadside banks. Native to all states east of the Rockies, but not found in Louisiana.

SIZE
Aquilegia canadensis LP32 - 32 per flat Availability
Aquilegia canadensis - 72 per flat Availability
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Height

1-3 Feet

Spread

1 Feet

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Red

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8

wild columbine, Canadian columbine Interesting Notes

"This species shows relative disdain for that voracious enemy of columbine- the leaf miner! A. canadensis is less susceptible to leaf miner than many other species, especially the hybrids. Leaf miner will eventually cause significant damage in A. canadensis, but not as rapidly as with other species." - Allan Armitage

Aquilegia canadensis Growing and Maintenance Tips

Thrives in part to full shade in any well-drained soil. Plants tolerate full sun if temperatures are cool, but they prefer partial shade. They may go dormant in mid summer if stressed by heat or drought, but will emerge again in late winter. Plants reseed readily and plantings may double in size in two years.

Good Substitutions

dwarf wild columbine, Canadian columbine Aquilegia canadensis 'Little Lanterns'
wild columbine, Canadian columbine Aquilegia canadensis 'Corbett'

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Shade
Full Shade
Part Sun
Part Sun
Moist
Moist
Early Spring
Early Spring
Hummingbird-friendly
Hummingbird-friendly
Songbird-friendly
Songbird-friendly
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Salt Tolerance
Salt Tolerance

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Well-Drained
Average
Plug Type
Horticultural Plug
Landscape Plug™
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Spring / Early Summer
Green Infrastructure
Green Roof
Meadow/Prairie
Woodland
Attributes
Native to North America
Propagation Type
Open pollinated