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Monarda bradburiana (Eastern beebalm)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Monarda bradburiana

Eastern beebalm

Tubular, two-lipped, pink to light lavender flowers carry a purple tracking and bloom from spring into summer. A member of the mint family, this native bee balm is very attractive to pollinators and occurs naturally in open and dry, rocky woods from Alabama to Texas, north to Iowa.

SIZE
Monarda bradburiana LP50 - 50 per flat Availability
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Height

1-2 Feet

Spread

1-2 Feet

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Pink

USDA Hardiness Zone 4-8

Eastern beebalm Interesting Notes

Monarda bradburiana has tubular, two-lipped, pink to light lavender flowers and bloom from spring into summer. A member of the mint family, this native bee balm is very attractive to pollinators and forms lovely clumps without being as aggressive as other Monarda. True to type, Monarda bradburiana has square stems with toothed, gray-green foliage growing up to 2’ tall and up 3’ wide after three years. Its unique globular flowers and resistance to powdery mildew makes beebalm a welcome addition to the garden and for the collector that can never have enough, it blooms a full 1-2 weeks earlier than other members in its genus.


Beebalm occurs naturally in open and dry, rocky woods from Alabama to Texas, north to Iowa in average to dry soils in full sun to part shade. Tolerant of some drought and dry soils, Monarda bradburiana does best with good air circulation. It is able to spread by rhizome and by seed.


A ready member of an informal cottage garden or in a naturalized setting, beebalm provides a long season of bloom in the garden and even gives winter interest as the seedheads dry. Mammals avoid browsing Monarda due to its pungent oregano aroma. Monarda spp. support a wide variety of butterflies, moths, long-tongued and short-tongued bees, skippers, and beeflies and are excellent additions to a wildlife garden.

Monarda bradburiana Growing and Maintenance Tips

Prefers average to dry soils in full sun to part shade. Will tolerate some drought and poor soils. Good air circulation is best, though this species shows some mildew resistance. May self seed.

Good Substitutions

beebalm Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline'
beebalm Monarda 'Petite Delight'
beebalm Monarda 'Raspberry Wine'
spotted beebalm, dotted horsemint Monarda punctata

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Sun
Full Sun
Part Sun
Part Sun
Moist
Moist
Pollinator-friendly
Pollinator-friendly
Hummingbird-friendly
Hummingbird-friendly
Cut Flower
Cut Flower
Fragrant
Fragrant

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Average
Dry
Green Infrastructure
Meadow/Prairie
Bioretention/Rain Garden
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Attributes
Native to North America
Edible
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Spring / Early Summer
Propagation Type
Open pollinated