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Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)
cc 2016 Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz
Species Distribution Map
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Solidago flexicaulis

zigzag goldenrod or broadleaf goldenrod

Distinguished by zigzag stems and broad, toothed leaves
Wetland Indicator Status, Region 1: FACU

Solidago flexicaulis brings pollinators to your dappled shade areas with a subtle yellow flower clusters in mid-summer to fall. A hardy native perennial, it tolerates deer, shade, and clay soils.


1-3 Feet


1-3 Feet


12-18 Inches

Bloom Color


USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8

zigzag goldenrod Interesting Notes

Convincing gardeners to grow goldenrods is a bit like trying to sell Toyotas in Detroit, but I will continue anyway. They are certainly ubiquitous in the fall landscape and are still wrongly accused of causing hayfever. Therefore, it bears repeating that goldenrods, like aster, Joe-Pye, ironweeds, and all the Composites, are insect-pollinated, so their pollen is heavy and sticky in order to facilitate transfer by our six-legged friends. It is the wind-pollinated plants like grasses, ragweed and many trees (I am allergic to maples for example) that produce the great quantities of light, airborne pollen that get into our noses and throats and cause the immune reaction known as hayfever. There are goldenrods for every situation, and if you avoid the aggressively weedy species like S. canadensis (My apologies to Canada) and S. graminifolia, they are agreeable garden subjects at home in the border, meadow, rock, or shade garden. Once I started to learn the different species, I became more and more aware of their subtle differences and convinced of their important role in native ecosystems as soil stabilizers and sources of food and shelter for wildlife. They are beautiful in leaf and flower, too, and no wildflower garden is complete without a few of our hundred or so species scattered around. - William Cullina, The New England Wild Flower Society Guide to Growing and Propagating Wildflowers, p. 197

A great, compact pollinator plant for part shade conditions.  Semi-evergreen basal leaves provide excellent erosion control.

Solidago flexicaulis Growing and Maintenance Tips

An eastern North American native that is easy to grow in well-drained, average to moist soils.  This woodland edge species does best in dappled sun, but also grows in full sun and full shade.

Good Substitutions

bluestem goldenrod Solidago caesia

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Sun
Full Sun
Full Shade
Full Shade
Part Sun
Part Sun
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Drought Tolerant
Drought Tolerant

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Green Infrastructure
Wetland Indicator Status
Falcutative Upland (FACU)
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Clay Tolerance
Native to North America
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Summer
Propagation Type
Open pollinated