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Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon fern)

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Hardy fern grow sheet
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Osmunda cinnamomea

Cinnamon fern or syn: Osmundastrum cinnamomeum

(syn. Osmundastrum cinnamomeum)

Brilliant green lacy fronds gracefully arch outward in stately vase-shaped clumps. In early summer narrow fronds emerge as vertical spikes of cinnamon red brown in the center. Especially striking when planted in groups. Prefers a moist shady site, but tolerates more sun in cooler zones.

SIZE
Osmunda cinnamomea LP32 - 32 per flat Availability
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Height

2-5 Feet

Spread

2-3 Feet

Spacing

12-18 Inches

Bloom Color

USDA Hardiness Zone 2-10

Cinnamon fern Interesting Notes

Osmunda cinnamomea, or cinnamon fern, grows vase-shaped with pinnately compound and arching infertile fronds with showy cinnamon-colored fertile fronds appearing in early spring. The fern grows up to 42” tall and 36” wide with wiry, black fibrous roots that create a thick mat over time. The common name comes from the cinnamon-colored fibers found near the frond bases which can be processed and used in potting media for orchids. A lovely addition to the moist shade garden, this easy native is a vibrant green in the summer and ages to gold in the fall. Seeing this plant backlit against the warm gilded fall light is a pleasure to behold.

Found from Labrador to Mexico, spanning as far west as Texas, this fern is a living fossil with fossil records indicating its presence among dinosaurs millions of years ago. Preferring moist, rich soil in part sun to heavy shade, it can take full sun as long as there is consistent soil moisture. Found in bogs, forests, shores of rivers or lakes, swamps, and wetland margins, O. cinnamomea prefers acidic to average soils. While the plant naturally lives in southern climes, it does not tolerate the summer heat well and tolerates more sun in northern climates than southern ones.  

Structural and striking, the cinnamon fern is lovely in a naturalized garden or even arranged in formal lines for a more modern aesthetic. The fibrous root system provides excellent erosion control and works well for streambanks or shaded hillsides. Several Lepidoptera larvae feed on the fronds of this and other Osmunda spp.  Similar in taste to asparagus and artichokes, the young fiddleheads are edible. 

Osmunda cinnamomea Growing and Maintenance Tips

Prefers moist, rich, acidic soils in full to patial shade. Needs consistent moisture and can take more sun with regular watering. Propagate by division every few years in the spring.

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Shade
Full Shade
Part Sun
Part Sun
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Salt Tolerance
Salt Tolerance
Cut Flower
Cut Flower

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Wet
Green Infrastructure
Bioretention/Rain Garden
Meadow/Prairie
Woodland
Wetland Indicator Status
Falcutative Wetland (FACW)
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Attributes
Native to North America
Propagation Type
Tissue culture