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Dryopteris × australis (Dixie woodfern)

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Hardy fern grow sheet
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Dryopteris × australis

Dixie woodfern

(syn. D. celsa x D. ludoviciana)

Dryopteris x australis is a natural hybrid (D. celsa x ludoviciana) found in wild populations from Louisiana to Virginia, but is a superb garden plant as far north as Zone 5. It is taller than either parent and a formidable addition to the garden.

SIZE
Dryopteris x australis LP32 - 32 per flat Availability
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Height

3-4 Feet

Spread

2-3 Feet

Spacing

18 Inches

Bloom Color

USDA Hardiness Zone 5-9

Dixie woodfern Interesting Notes

We are a big believer in a fern for every situation and Dryopteris x australis, the Dixie wood fern, is no exception. A hybrid between its fellow southerners, Dryopteris celsa and Dryopteris ludoviciana, it is a stately fern with arching fronds reaching 4’-5’ tall. Great for a shady spot in a garden or as a foundational planting, Dixie wood fern forms dense clumps and spreads slowly by creeping rhizome. It is a sterile semi-evergreen hybrid and thrives in moist shade. However, one of Dryopteris × australis strength’s is its ability to adapt to dry situations, the cold wet winters of zone 5, and the high summer heat and humidity of zone 9.

Displaying a taller nature than its parentage, Dryopteris × australis is a natural hybrid and can be found in wild populations from Louisiana to Virginia. It prefers moist, rich, well-drained acidic soils in full to partial shade. To ensure a verdant appearance, cut back fronds in early spring for new season’s growth.

Like most ferns in the Dryopteris genera, Dixie wood fern can tolerate dry spells once established and is very deer-resistant.

Dryopteris × australis Growing and Maintenance Tips

Prefers moist, rich, well-drained, acidic soils in full to partial shade. Best used as a vertical accent in the woodland or shade garden or as a specimen plant.

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Shade
Full Shade
Part Sun
Part Sun
Moist
Moist
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Evergreen
Evergreen

Additional Information

Green Infrastructure
Woodland
Bioretention/Rain Garden
Wetland Indicator Status
Falcutative Wetland (FACW)
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Attributes
Native to North America
Propagation Type
Tissue culture