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Caltha palustris (Marsh marigold)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Caltha palustris

Marsh marigold

Native to northern states and Canada, this little beauty is at home at pond's edge or along a stream. It is clumping by nature, but can seed in to form a dense groundcover in a consistently moist site. In early spring, hundreds of bright yellow buttercup flowers dot the green carpet of cordate foliage. Deer usually leave this alone! Found in marshes, swamps, and wet meadows from North Carolina to Alaska.

SIZE
Caltha palustris LP50 - 50 per flat Availability
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Height

8-12 Inches

Spread

12-18 Inches

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Yellow

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-7

Marsh marigold Interesting Notes

Native to northern states and Canada, this low-growing beauty is at home at pond's edge or along a stream. Caltha palustris is clumping by nature, but can seed in to form a dense groundcover in a consistently moist site. In early spring, hundreds of bright yellow buttercup flowers dot the green carpet of cordate foliage. Due to its toxic nature, deer usually leave this alone!


Marsh marigold has a wide natural range, from Asia and Europe into Canada to the northern United States. It is thought to be an ancient species because of its wide distribution and primitive flower structure. It prefers the edges of oxygen-rich waters with rich soils, low in fertilizer runoff. Found in marshes, swamps, and wet meadows, it prefers constant moisture but can survive short periods of drought by shriveling its leaves and going into dormancy.


Caltha palustris runs wild in the woods that are part of our watershed to North Creek, and further White Clay Creek. Blooming brightly in April, many early-season pollinators including beetles, flies, and bees, use the pollen and nectar. A hardy and cheerful plant, it’s a sure sign of spring!

Caltha palustris Growing and Maintenance Tips

Caltha palustris likes moist conditions and rich soils. It is most at home near a pond or stream, but can be happy in a low area that stays wet most of the time. Marsh marigolds do tolerate periods of drought, but will go dormant, losing all their leaves. Propagation is usually done by division. 

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Full Sun
Full Sun
Part Sun
Part Sun
Moist
Moist
Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Groundcover
Groundcover
Early Spring
Early Spring

Additional Information

Soil Moisture Needs
Wet
Green Infrastructure
Bioretention/Rain Garden
Woodland
Wetland Indicator Status
Obligate Wetland (OBL)
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Attributes
Native to North America
Ephemeral
Propagation Type
Open pollinated