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Ratibita pinnata (Prairie coneflower)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Ratibita pinnata

Prairie coneflower

Brown cones with reflexed yellow ray petals adorn this midwestern prairie native in midsummer. Emits a soft fragrance of anise when seeds are crushed. Long-lived and very easy to grow in most situations. Great for attracting birds and butterflies! Combines well with meadow grasses and flowers. Makes a wonderful cut flower, too!

SIZE
Ratibida pinnata LP50 - 50 per flat Availability
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Height

3-5 Feet

Spread

2-3 Feet

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Yellow

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8

Prairie coneflower Interesting Notes

This gray headed coneflower is a Missouri native plant which typically occurs in dry woods, prairies and along railroad tracks and roads. A somewhat rough-looking plant that features pinnately divided leaves (to 5" long) on stiff stems growing 3-5' tall. The composite flowers have a dull-gray central disk in the shape of an elongated cylinder (1 inch long), somewhat resembling the crown of a slender sombrero. When bruised, the disk smells of anise. Attached to the bottom of the disk is a brim of 3-7, extremely reflexed (downward pointing), bright yellow ray flowers (to 3" long). Species name of pinnata is in reference to the pinnate leaves. Long summer bloom period. - Missouri Botanical Garden

Ratibita pinnata Growing and Maintenance Tips

R. pinnata can be found naturally in open roadsides, dry fields and limestone uplands from Ontario to South Dakota, as far south as Florida. Thrives in average to dry, well-drained, clay or sandy soil. Somewhat drought tolerant. Propagate by seed. Excellent for naturalized, meadow and butterfly gardens as well as in mass plantings.

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Butterflies
Butterflies
Songbirds
Songbirds
Full Sun
Full Sun
Part Sun
Part Sun
Summer
Summer
Average
Average
Dry
Dry
Cut Flower
Cut Flower
Drought Tolerant
Drought Tolerant

Additional Information

Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Summer
Soil Moisture Needs
Well-Drained
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Propagation Type
Open pollinated
Attributes
Dry Sun
Meadow
Native to North America