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Monarda fistulosa (Wild bergamot)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Monarda fistulosa

Wild bergamot or lavender beebalm

Lovely lavender flowers top aromatic foliage. Easy to grow in a perennial border, wildflower garden or meadow. Wild bergamot is a great naturalizing wildflower and a magnet for butterflies and hummingbirds. Monarda fistulosa is more tolerant of drought and resistant to powdery mildew than M. didyma.

SIZE
Monarda fistulosa LP50 - 50 per flat Availability
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Height

2-5 Feet

Spread

3 Feet

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Purple

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8

Wild bergamot Interesting Notes

Monarda fistulosa, commonly called Wild Bergamot, Bee Balm or Horse-Mint, has a lovely violet blossom and distinctively aromatic foliage. It is a familiar component of prairie and savanna communities on all but the wettest of soils. Native to most of North America, it often is cited for its historical medicinal applications among indigenous people. These include poultices for boils and lacerations, as well as tea infusions for headaches, indigestion and colds and flu. Wild Bergamot is a favorite of butterflies, bees and hummingbirds. Its species name, fistulosa, refers to the tube-like structure of its blossoms, which appear from July through September, nicely complementing nearby yellow composite flowers. - Prairie Moon Nursery

The nectar of the flowers attracts long-tongued bees, bee flies, butterflies, skippers, and hummingbird moths. Among the long-tongued bees, are such visitors as bumblebees, Miner bees, Epeoline Cuckoo bees, and large Leaf-Cutting bees. A small black bee (Dufourea monardae) specializes in the pollination of Monarda flowers. Sometimes Halictid bees collect pollen, while some wasps steal nectar by perforating the nectar tube. The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird also visits the flowers. The caterpillars of the moths Sphinx eremitus (Hermit Sphinx) and Agriopodes teratophora (Gray Marvel) feed on the foliage. A seed bug (Ortholomus scolopax) is sometimes found in the flowerheads. Mammalian herbivores usually avoid this plant as a food source, probably because of the oregano-mint flavor of the leaves and their capacity to cause indigestion; they may contain chemicals that disrupt populations of beneficial bacteria in the digestive tract. - Illinois Wildflowers

Monarda fistulosa Growing and Maintenance Tips

Prefers dry to moist, organically rich, well-drained soil in full to part sun. More prolific in full sun and moist soils.

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Hummingbirds
Hummingbirds
Butterflies
Butterflies
Full Sun
Full Sun
Part Sun
Part Sun
Average
Average
Moist
Moist
Dry
Dry
Drought Tolerant
Drought Tolerant
Fragrant
Fragrant
Cut Flower
Cut Flower

Additional Information

Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Summer
Soil Moisture Needs
Well-Drained
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Propagation Type
Open pollinated
Attributes
Native to North America
Erosion Control
Moist Sun
Meadow