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Aquilegia canadensis (Wild columbine)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Aquilegia canadensis

Wild columbine or Canadian columbine

Red flowers with yellow centers hang like drifts of softly illuminated lanterns in April and May. Excellent as a shady rock garden naturalizer, it also is quite content in average garden conditions. Occurs naturally in rich rocky woods, north-facing slopes, cliffs, ledges, pastures, and roadside banks. Native to all states east of the Rockies, but not found in Louisiana.

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Height

1-3 Feet

Spread

1 Feet

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Red

USDA Hardiness Zone 3-8

Wild columbine Interesting Notes

"This species shows relative disdain for that voracious enemy of columbine- the leaf miner! A. canadensis is less susceptible to leaf miner than many other species, especially the hybrids. Leaf miner will eventually cause significant damage in A. canadensis, but not as rapidly as with other species." - Allan Armitage

Aquilegia canadensis Growing and Maintenance Tips

Thrives in part to full shade in any well-drained soil. Plants tolerate full sun if temperatures are cool, but they prefer partial shade. They may go dormant in mid summer if stressed by heat or drought, but will emerge again in late winter. Plants reseed readily and plantings may double in size in two years.

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Deer Resistant
Deer Resistant
Hummingbirds
Hummingbirds
Full Shade
Full Shade
Part Sun
Part Sun
Early Spring
Early Spring
Moist
Moist
Average
Average

Additional Information

Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Spring / Early Summer
Soil Moisture Needs
Well-Drained
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Propagation Type
Open pollinated
Attributes
Moist Shade
Native to North America