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Native Plants

Featuring American Beauties Native Plants

Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z ALL

Acorus americanus

Sweetflag

Acorus americanus is a hardy perennial swamp or bog plant with sweet, spicy-scented leaves. Spadix-like flowers appear in June and July, followed by dark berries. Found at water's edge from Nova Scotia to Virginia to Washington to Alaska. Great for stabilizing pond edges or filling a boggy area.

Acorus americanus

Actaea pachypoda 'Misty Blue'

White baneberry

White baneberry is a striking, multi-stemmed woodland perennial selected for soft, bluish-green, finely cut foliage. Flowers appear in spring, followed by vivid, reddish pedicels which produce large, white 'doll’s eyes' fruit in autumn, persisting for 4-6 weeks. Fruit is marked by a distinct black dot. This cultivar was discovered in a planting of unknown origin at Mt. Cuba Center in Greenville, Delaware.

Actaea pachypoda 'Misty Blue'

Adiantum pedatum

Northern maidenhair

Dainty, bright green fronds are held aloft on shiny black stems, creating a light, airy texture in the woodland garden. In rich soil and bright shade it will spread by shallow rhizomes to form a dense groundcover. Found in the humus-rich woodlands and moist woods of Eastern North America. Easy to grow as long as the soil is loose and rich.

Adiantum pedatum

Agastache foeniculum

Anise hyssop

An upright, clump-forming perennial native to parts of the upper Midwest and Great Plains region. Lavender to purple flowers are densely packed along showy, cylindrical, terminal spikes mid to late summer. Medium green, lanceolate foliage remains clean throughout the season and carries a refreshing anise scent, attracting hummingbirds and butterflies.

Agastache foeniculum

Allium cernuum

Nodding onion
Found on ledges, in dry meadows, gravel, rocky or wooded slopes, this delicate onion has gently nodding pink flowers in late spring. Beautiful in the garden or naturalized in a meadow. Easy, dependable and very drought tolerant once established.
Allium cernuum

Amsonia hubrichtii

Threadleaf bluestar

A graceful and long-lived native plant with very fine foliage, clusters of steel blue flowers in May and June on an upright, bushy plant. Excellent golden fall color. Thrives in full sun or part shade. No insect or pest problems. Found in Arkansas in 1942 by Leslie Hubricht.

Amsonia hubrichtii

Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia

Eastern bluestar

This long-lived, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial features three to four weeks of light blue, star-shaped flowers in spring. Terminal flower clusters are followed by ornamental seed pods. Narrow, willow-shaped foliage transitions from green into attractive shades of yellow in fall. An easy to grow, no-fuss native perfectly suited for the perennial border. Beautiful when used en masse along the perennial border or in a fresh cut arrangement.

Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia

Andropogon gerardii

Big bluestem

The king of native grasses, big bluestem has handsome gray to blue-green stems in spring, turning to green alternating with deep red in summer, then to coppery red in fall. Three-fingered seed heads top tall stems in August. Clump forming with excellent drought tolerance once established. Found naturally in moist meadows and along side roads and rivers from Canada to Mexico.

Andropogon gerardii

Andropogon virginicus

Broomsedge

An easy-to-grow, clump-forming, native warm season grass with incredible golden copper fall color. A pioneer soil stabilizing plant that does well in poor, infertile areas and surprisingly well in floodplains. It's wonderful for xeriscaping and restoration projects, or in coastal areas. The attractive fall and winter stems make a unique addition to cut flower arrangements!

Andropogon virginicus

Anemone canadensis

Canadian anemone

A strong growing plant that needs room to move. Clear white single flowers top out at 18" from mid spring to early summer. A robust and competitive native plant that brightens up woodland edges and shady corners of the garden. Combines well with other spring-blooming perennials such as Polemonium, Sisyrinchium and Mertensia.

Anemone canadensis

Aquilegia canadensis 'Little Lanterns'

Canadian columbine

'Little Lanterns' is short in stature, but free with flowers! Numerous pendant flowers of red and yellow cover the plant in late spring. This selection resolves a few grievances that some have expressed about Aquilegia canadensis by having consistantly shorter stature and more intense color than the species.

Aquilegia canadensis 'Little Lanterns'

Aquilegia canadensis 'Corbett'

Wild columbine

Profuse show of butter-yellow, lantern-shaped flowers from April to May. Its short stature, delicate color and mid spring bloom time make it an ideal companion for spring bulbs! It was spotted by Lawrence Clemens who asked that it be named after the Corbett Historic District which is near Monkton in Baltimore County, Maryland. Bluemont Nurseries, of Monkton, MD was the first to offer this charming local Aquilegia to the market. 

Aquilegia canadensis 'Corbett'

Aquilegia canadensis

Wild columbine

Red flowers with yellow centers hang like drifts of softly illuminated lanterns in April and May. Excellent as a shady rock garden naturalizer, it also is quite content in average garden conditions. Occurs naturally in rich rocky woods, north-facing slopes, cliffs, ledges, pastures, and roadside banks. Native to all states east of the Rockies, but not found in Louisiana.

Aquilegia canadensis

Aruncus dioicus

Goat's beard

A fantastic native with large, fine-textured feathery blooms in late Spring. Though closely related to Spiraea, goat's beard more closely resembles a giant Astilbe. When happy, Aruncus can be a formidable garden plant, reaching a spread of 6 feet or more. It is lovely when used at woods edge and it can provide a dense screen beneath a high canopy.

Aruncus dioicus

Asarum canadense

Wild ginger

An attractive native groundcover for moist shade, wild ginger spreads slowly via underground rhizomes. Lustrous dark green, kidney-shaped foliage usually obscure the unique brown jug-like flowers. Will naturalize; incorporate into a native plant garden or woodland display.

Asarum canadense

Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'

Swamp milkweed
A marvelous long-blooming, bright white selection of swamp milkweed. Clear white flowers and dark green foliage make the colors of the hundreds of visiting butterflies glisten in the sunlight.
Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp milkweed

One of the most beautiful of native perennials with clusters of upturned pink flowers in June and July. Much underused in average garden conditions! Attracts butterflies of all kinds. Willow-like leaves are 4-5" long. Occurs in floodplains and wet meadows.

Asclepias incarnata

Asclepias syriaca

Common milkweed

This native classic is best known as a food of larval monarch butterflies (along with its cousins A. incarnata and A. tuberosa). Robust, yet beautiful with deep pink clusters of fragrant flowers in June and July followed by lovely pods of silky seeds in October.

Asclepias syriaca

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly weed

A tough, drought-tolerant native with intense orange flowers in mid to late summer. Attracts many varieties of butterflies and is especially attractive to Monarchs. A beautiful solution for a dry sunny slope! Occurs in dry fields and roadsides in most of the US.

Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow'

Butterfly weed

Aptly named, this Asclepias selection has a vivid glowing yellow color that welcomes and commands the attention of beneficial pollinators such as butterflies, hummingbirds, as well as human garden visitors.

Asclepias tuberosa 'Hello Yellow'

Asclepias tuberosa 'Gay Butterflies'

Butterfly weed

This is a selection from the native Asclepias and is therefore hardy and highly adaptable to many environments, including dry soil and even temporarily sopping-wet soil. 

Asclepias tuberosa 'Gay Butterflies'

Asclepias verticillata

Horsetail milkweed

A widely adaptable and tough native that is a deer-resistant food for larval butterflies. The fine-textured foliage provides a dark green backdrop for the clusters of white flowers that appear in June and July.

Asclepias verticillata

Aster cordifolius 'Avondale'

Blue wood aster

This selection of the native wood aster is a prolific bloomer, carpeting the shade garden with light blue in early fall, when little else blooms and the hostas are in decline. A quick and easy pot crop for fall sales. Beautiful and long-lasting as a filler in autumn flower arrangements!

Aster cordifolius 'Avondale'

Aster cordifolius

Blue wood aster

Clouds of blue flowers in early fall in shade! A great naturalizer under trees, at the edge of woods, or as a filler among Hostas and Astilbes, which look pretty rough by September. Found in woods and dry meadows.

Aster cordifolius

Aster divaricatus 'Eastern Star'

White wood aster

We have grown this select form anonymously for many years and have deemed it worthy of a name. It is shorter than the species and has deep dark shining mahogany stems. It came our way from Canyon Creek Nursery, via Roger Rache, then of the Berkley Botanic Gardens's Eastern US section. Originally collected from coastal Rhode Island.

Aster divaricatus 'Eastern Star'

Aster divaricatus

White wood aster

Produces a fairyland of glistening small white daisies in September and October. Lovely when naturalized in shade and average to dry soil. Found in deciduous woods and along roadsides of the Eastern US.

Aster divaricatus

Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry'

Heath aster

A very low, dense carpeting groundcover that is smothered with 1/2" single white flowers with gold centers in September. A good strong grower and a totally new look and use for Asters! Makes an excellent container plant.

Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry'

Aster laevis 'Bluebird'

Smooth aster

'Bluebird' is a superlative selection of the native smooth aster introduced by Dr. Richard Lighty of the Mt.Cuba Center. This tall, vase-shaped wildflower has large 1" diameter blue flowers held in cloud-like clusters at the tips of the arching branches. You can pinch back the young shoots in June for denser habit and more flowers, but it is not essential. Staking is helpful by late summer if you forget to pinch. Perfectly clean foliage makes for easy maintenance in production and in the landscape. Aster laevis is a great source of nectar for migrating monarchs and other late season butterflies.

Aster laevis 'Bluebird'

Aster lateriflorus 'Lady in Black'

Calico aster

Who can resist plants with great names? Aster 'Lady in Black' is an elegant 3-4' mound of purplish-black strappy leaves smothered in red-centered tiny white daisies in late summer and early fall. A stronger, more statuesque sister of Aster 'Prince' that will thrive in average soil in sun or part shade, but shows best foliage coloration in full sun. Thousands of flowers per plant - a butterfly's dream!

Aster lateriflorus 'Lady in Black'

Aster novae-angliae

New England aster

Blooms ranging from blue-purple to lavender-pink pop in the late summer and fall landscape. A large, showy native aster that is a must-have autumn nectar source for pollinators.

Aster novae-angliae

Aster novae-angliae 'Purple Dome'

New England aster

A naturally compact form with deep purple flowers in August and September. Eye-popping with Solidago 'Golden Fleece'. One of the most garden-worthy native selections out there. A fine introduction from the Mt. Cuba Center.

Aster novae-angliae 'Purple Dome'

Aster novae-angliae 'Vibrant Dome'

New England aster

Vibrant, hot-pink, star-shaped flowers with yellow center accents adorn lance-shaped green foliage through autumn. The compact, mounding habit of this sport of Aster 'Purple Dome' has proven mildew resistance. Reaching between 15 and 20 inches, 'Vibrant Dome' performs best in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. A beautiful performer for late season color.

Aster novae-angliae 'Vibrant Dome'

Aster novi-belgii

New York aster

Local midatlantic native of moist to wet meadows. Flowers may vary in shades of pink, purple and white and bloom in early fall, which is late August and early September here in PA.

Aster novi-belgii

Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies'

Aromatic aster
Shorter, bushier, bluer sister of 'Raydon's Favorite'. A strong growing low mound of bushy foliage covered in lavender blue flowers in mid fall. Highly tolerant of drought and poor soils. This Primrose Path introduction has excellent groundcover potential.
Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies'

Aster oblongifolius 'Raydon's Favorite'

Aromatic aster

Medium blue, fine textured single ray flowers in September and October, aromatic foliage. Irresistable, a really tremendous plant. Introduced by Holbrook Farm.

Aster oblongifolius 'Raydon's Favorite'

Athyrium filix-femina 'Victoriae'

Lady fern

"This is the most spectacular of all cultivars in its magnificent frond architecture. It is really the Queen of Green", according to Dr. John Mickel, former curator of ferns at the New York Botanical Garden and author of "Ferns for American Gardens". As with other forms of lady ferns there is so much variability with spore production that it is necessary to produce this form in tissue culture, so its clones are identical to the parent. This superb selection has fronds whose pinnae (leaflets) crisscross to form x's and has crested pinnae tips. Another superior cultivar in the Mickel Collection™.

Athyrium filix-femina 'Victoriae'

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides

southern lady fern, asplenium ladyfern

Handsome crowns of feathery fronds are typical of this genus. Delicate and lacy with arching fronds and dark red stems at maturity. Strong-growing and dependable, lady ferns are great garden plants. Tough and easy to grow, this beauty is the right choice for perennial borders and woodlands alike. A breathtaking flush of new fronds appears in the spring, with new leaves appearing throughout the season for a continuously fresh look. Found in swamps, thickets and damp woods east of the Rockies.

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides

Baptisia australis

False blue indigo
Blue spikes of pea-shaped flowers resemble the tall racemes of lupines in May and early June. A slow to mature, but very rewarding native garden perennial. Found in open woods, river banks and sandy floodplains, New York to Nebraska to Georgia.
Baptisia australis

Boltonia asteroides 'Snowbank'

False aster
Zillions of lacy white daisies top long stems of fine-textured silver blue foliage in late summer and early fall. An undemanding native plant that is surprisingly tolerant of drought and flood.
Boltonia asteroides 'Snowbank'

Bouteloua curtipendula

Sideoats grama

This drought tolerant grass is native to open rocky woodlands and mixed grass prairies. The plant features a distinctive inflorescence, an oat-like spikelet that originates in a faded purple hue and lightens to tan in the fall. The fall foliage color is golden brown fading to red-orange and purple shades. This warm season grass is often over-looked as a specimen; however the unique flowers serve as a striking focal point in a small garden and mixes well in meadow plantings, as its stature compliments others well in the spring. We recommend this rhizomatous plant for use when a site is damaged by drought or grazing. Despite its ability to rehabilitate landscapes, it spreads at a very slow rate.

Bouteloua curtipendula

Bouteloua gracilis 'Blonde Ambition'

Blue grama

Where low maintenance meets garden whimsy, 'Blonde Ambition' is sure to turn heads. Airy, chartreuse flowers float horizontally amidst blue-green foliage from mid-summer into fall. Seed heads extend the season providing unique winter appeal. Extremely cold hardy and adaptable to various soil types, use in sweeps for a dramatic effect. Unlike any other ornamental grass in cultivation, discovered and introduced by David Salman of High Country Gardens.

Bouteloua gracilis 'Blonde Ambition'

Callirhoe involucrata

Poppy mallow
An outstanding and very attractive plant with low growing, deeply dissected dark green foliage that gives rise to an explosion of electric purple, single, upright flowers from July to early September. This plant behaves like an ivy. It is taprooted and can be difficult in containers if not well spaced. Let it drape over stone walls or creep between stones. Requires full sun and good drainage. Native to the Midwest.
Callirhoe involucrata

Callisia rosea 'Morning Grace'

Piedmont roseling

This beautiful cultivar comes to us from Michael Jenkins. 'Morning Grace' has a dainty garden stature reaching just under a foot in height. Thin, strappy foliage remains a clean, medium green throughout the growing season. Triangular, light pink flowers and attractive gold stamens rest just above the foliage during its very long bloom period. Flowers are very attractive to pollinating insects. An excellent companion for Carex pensylvanica.

Callisia rosea 'Morning Grace'

Caltha palustris

Marsh marigold

Native to northern states and Canada, this little beauty is at home at pond's edge or along a stream. It is clumping by nature, but can seed in to form a dense groundcover in a consistently moist site. In early spring, hundreds of bright yellow buttercup flowers dot the green carpet of cordate foliage. Deer usually leave this alone! Found in marshes, swamps, and wet meadows from North Carolina to Alaska.

Caltha palustris

Carex amphibola

Creek sedge

Carex amphibola is a widely adaptable native sedge naturally occurring from Texas to Quebec and Georgia to New Hampshire. The compact and semi-erect mound has proven to be semi evergreen (zone 6b) and prefers deciduous shade in upland or even floodplain conditions; easily adapts to fine or medium textured soils. Creek sedge lends itself well to native shade gardens, along wood paths or as a slope stabilizer. It is a vigorous clump former with shiny, narrow green foliage 1/8" wide by up to 12" long. C. amphibola is an excellent companion for Phlox divaricata, Asarum, Chrysogonum and Polygonatum...among others!

Carex amphibola

Carex amphibola

Creek sedge

Carex amphibola is a widely adaptable native sedge naturally occurring from Texas to Quebec and Georgia to New Hampshire. The compact and semi-erect mound has proven to be semi evergreen (zone 6b) and prefers deciduous shade in upland or even floodplain conditions; easily adapts to fine or medium textured soils. Creek sedge lends itself well to native shade gardens, along wood paths or as a slope stabilizer. It is a vigorous clump former with shiny, narrow green foliage 1/8" wide by up to 12" long. C. amphibola is an excellent companion for Phlox divaricata, Asarum, Chrysogonum and Polygonatum...among others!

Carex amphibola

Carex appalachica

Appalachian sedge

This lovely sedge is native to the dry woods of eastern North America. Its fine texture and fountaining habit make it a lovely groundcover in dry shady sites, even in the root zone of trees. Its tidy clumping habit makes it a perfect feature in a container, rock or stump, or in a border planting along a walkway.

Carex appalachica

Carex appalachica

Appalachian sedge

This lovely sedge is native to the dry woods of eastern North America. Its fine texture and fountaining habit make it a lovely groundcover in dry shady sites, even in the root zone of trees. Its tidy clumping habit makes it a perfect feature in a container, rock or stump, or in a border planting along a walkway.

Carex appalachica

Carex cherokeensis

Cherokee sedge

C. cherokeensis prefers moist conditions but, tolerates some variables. It prefers some shade including dappled light from trees or even just reprieve from the heat of the afternoon sun.  The inflorescence has been noted as insignificant but, we like the little wispy spikes that add a bit of interest in the spring. It can be evergreen in milder climates, a harsh cut back may harm.  It is better to give a little light haircut to improve its appearance.

Carex cherokeensis

Carex cherokeensis

Cherokee sedge

C. cherokeensis prefers moist conditions but, tolerates some variables. It prefers some shade including dappled light from trees or even just reprieve from the heat of the afternoon sun.  The inflorescence has been noted as insignificant but, we like the little wispy spikes that add a bit of interest in the spring. It can be evergreen in milder climates, a harsh cut back may harm.  It is better to give a little light haircut to improve its appearance.

Carex cherokeensis

Carex comosa

Longhair sedge

A native sedge that works well for mass plantings in moist to wet areas. Tolerates some salinity.

Carex comosa

Carex comosa

Longhair sedge

A native sedge that works well for mass plantings in moist to wet areas. Tolerates some salinity.

Carex comosa

Carex eburnea

Bristleleaf sedge

A wonderful naturalizer, Carex eburnea is the ideal native groundcover for the woodland or rock garden. Petite colonies of 6-8 inch long soft, thread-like foliage takes on a spherical shape as inconspicuous whitish-green flower spikes appear in early spring.

Carex eburnea

Carex eburnea

Bristleleaf sedge

A wonderful naturalizer, Carex eburnea is the ideal native groundcover for the woodland or rock garden. Petite colonies of 6-8 inch long soft, thread-like foliage takes on a spherical shape as inconspicuous whitish-green flower spikes appear in early spring.

Carex eburnea

Carex emoryi

Emory's sedge

A wetland native that forms dense colonies of straw-colored leaves at the base with bright green new growth emerging from the top. An emergent aquatic, Carex emoryi is found on shores, stream banks, wet meadows, and seepage areas from Newfoundland south to Virginia and from Manitoba south to eastern Oklahoma and Texas.

Carex emoryi

Carex emoryi

Emory's sedge

A wetland native that forms dense colonies of straw-colored leaves at the base with bright green new growth emerging from the top. An emergent aquatic, Carex emoryi is found on shores, stream banks, wet meadows, and seepage areas from Newfoundland south to Virginia and from Manitoba south to eastern Oklahoma and Texas.

Carex emoryi

Carex flaccosperma

Blue wood sedge

A beautiful native groundcover with striking glaucus blue foliage, Blue wood sedge is easy to grow and evergreen in warmer zones, though it benefits from a late winter cut back. Early spring flowers are slender and form interesting seed heads. Forms tidy clumps and spreads by seed.

Carex flaccosperma

Carex flaccosperma

Blue wood sedge

A beautiful native groundcover with striking glaucus blue foliage, Blue wood sedge is easy to grow and evergreen in warmer zones, though it benefits from a late winter cut back. Early spring flowers are slender and form interesting seed heads. Forms tidy clumps and spreads by seed.

Carex flaccosperma

Carex laxiculmus Bunny Blue® 'HOBB'

Bunny Blue sedge

Bunny Blue® is a low growing, evergreen, native sedge with silver-blue foliage. Use as a ground cover or specimen plant for moist to average shady areas. Native plant.

Carex laxiculmus Bunny Blue® 'HOBB'

Carex laxiculmus Bunny Blue® 'HOBB'

Bunny Blue sedge

Bunny Blue® is a low growing, evergreen, native sedge with silver-blue foliage. Use as a ground cover or specimen plant for moist to average shady areas. Native plant.

Carex laxiculmus Bunny Blue® 'HOBB'

Carex lurida

Shallow sedge

This cool-season grass provides excellent erosion control.

Carex lurida

Carex lurida

Shallow sedge

This cool-season grass provides excellent erosion control.

Carex lurida

Carex muskingumensis

Muskingum sedge

Naturally occuring in moist habitats such as low, swampy woods and wet meadows, but will tolerate some drought.

Carex muskingumensis

Carex muskingumensis

Muskingum sedge

Naturally occuring in moist habitats such as low, swampy woods and wet meadows, but will tolerate some drought.

Carex muskingumensis

Carex pensylvanica

Oak sedge

With its tough disposition and spreading habit, this native grass makes an excellent shade groundcover. Fine texture and fountaining habit give this sedge a soft appearance that is lovely as an underplanting for bolder shade perennials or on its own as a shade lawn. Great in containers too! Easy to grow. Happiest in the company of oaks, but who isn't?

Carex pensylvanica

Carex pensylvanica

Oak sedge

With its tough disposition and spreading habit, this native grass makes an excellent shade groundcover. Fine texture and fountaining habit give this sedge a soft appearance that is lovely as an underplanting for bolder shade perennials or on its own as a shade lawn. Great in containers too! Easy to grow. Happiest in the company of oaks, but who isn't?

Carex pensylvanica

Carex plantaginea

Seersucker sedge
Shiny deep green leaves are unusually broad (to 1 1/8") and puckered like Christmas ribbon. An excellent, mostly evergreen (the basal foliage overwinters) groundcover for average to moist shade, provides unique texture. Flowers occur in early to mid-spring, thin and black-tipped, not especially showy. Found in moist woods from Canada to Alabama.
Carex plantaginea

Carex plantaginea

Seersucker sedge
Shiny deep green leaves are unusually broad (to 1 1/8") and puckered like Christmas ribbon. An excellent, mostly evergreen (the basal foliage overwinters) groundcover for average to moist shade, provides unique texture. Flowers occur in early to mid-spring, thin and black-tipped, not especially showy. Found in moist woods from Canada to Alabama.
Carex plantaginea

Carex platyphylla

Silver sedge

A spectacular clump-forming sedge with powder blue leaves up to an inch or more wide. Spreads slowly to form a wonderfully textured groundcover in moist or average soil. Tolerates dry shade once established. An early spring haircut makes room for clean new growth. Great for deciduous shade.

Carex platyphylla

Carex platyphylla

Silver sedge

A spectacular clump-forming sedge with powder blue leaves up to an inch or more wide. Spreads slowly to form a wonderfully textured groundcover in moist or average soil. Tolerates dry shade once established. An early spring haircut makes room for clean new growth. Great for deciduous shade.

Carex platyphylla

Carex radiata

Eastern star sedge

An attractive, native perennial sedge that forms dense tufts of foliage reaching 1–2' in height with an equal spread. Inflorescences range from 1-3" in length; blooming late spring. Very adaptable, dappled sunlight to medium shade, moist to mesic conditions, and a rich loamy soil with abundant organic matter. Incorporate with native ferns or spring ephemerals such as Mertensia virginica and mayapple. Seeds are enjoyed by various songbirds.

Carex radiata

Carex radiata

Eastern star sedge

An attractive, native perennial sedge that forms dense tufts of foliage reaching 1–2' in height with an equal spread. Inflorescences range from 1-3" in length; blooming late spring. Very adaptable, dappled sunlight to medium shade, moist to mesic conditions, and a rich loamy soil with abundant organic matter. Incorporate with native ferns or spring ephemerals such as Mertensia virginica and mayapple. Seeds are enjoyed by various songbirds.

Carex radiata

Carex stricta

Tussock sedge

A wetland native that forms dense tussocks of straw-colored leaves at the base with bright green new growth emerging from the top. Spreads via rhizomes. Found in wet meadows. Emergent aquatic.

Carex stricta

Carex stricta

Tussock sedge

A wetland native that forms dense tussocks of straw-colored leaves at the base with bright green new growth emerging from the top. Spreads via rhizomes. Found in wet meadows. Emergent aquatic.

Carex stricta

Carex vulpinoidea

Fox sedge

One of the most widespread species of Carex in North America, growing in wet meadows, prairies, swamps and marshes.  The seedheads mature in late summer and resemble fox tails, hence the common name.

Carex vulpinoidea

Carex vulpinoidea

Fox sedge

One of the most widespread species of Carex in North America, growing in wet meadows, prairies, swamps and marshes.  The seedheads mature in late summer and resemble fox tails, hence the common name.

Carex vulpinoidea

Chasmanthium latifolium

Northern sea oats

A versatile native grass with bamboo-like foliage and delightful nodding seed heads that rustle in the breeze from late summer to winter. It grows in most sites and is a quite vigorous groundcover when given consistent moisture and sun. It is better behaved in average garden conditions and in shade. A unique cut flower in fresh or dry arrangements.

Chasmanthium latifolium

Chelone glabra

Turtlehead

Spikes of elegant white flowers top shiny green foliage in late summer and early fall. Grows best in moist meadows, stream banks, and swamps. Favorite breeding site for the Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly.

Chelone glabra

Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips'

Turtlehead

Lustrous, deep green foliage is topped in August and September with rose pink, turtle-head-shaped flowers. Red stems persist most of the season. Bronze green early season growth is another distinctive feature.

Chelone lyonii 'Hot Lips'

Chelone obliqua 'Tiny Tortuga'

Turtlehead

A tiny turtlehead with all the flower power of its taller brothers, this native cultivar features uniquely shaped, hot pink blooms atop lustrous dark green leaves with a bronzy sheen. Flowers reminiscent of turtles' mouths persist from mid-summer into fall, a favorite of butterflies but distasteful to deer. Its very compact habit is a great choice for mixed containers, or let it spread ever so slowly in the landscape along pond and stream edges, rain gardens or perennial borders.

Chelone obliqua 'Tiny Tortuga'

Chrysogonum virginianum 'Allen Bush'

Golden star

A native groundcover, this plant is known for both its foliage and flowers with toothed, light green, triangular leaves and dark yellow, slightly notched, star shaped flowers that bloom well above the foliage and have contrasting brown stamens. The flowers bloom abundantly in the spring and fall, but tend to die down in the heat of the summer except in the cooler zones.

Chrysogonum virginianum 'Allen Bush'

Chrysogonum virginianum 'Superstar'

Green and gold

This green & gold is sure to be a superstar on the retail bench and in the garden! Deep green, semi-evergreen foliage is topped with golden flowers in mid to late spring. It’s an easy native groundcover that blooms well and is a vigorous clump grower.

Chrysogonum virginianum 'Superstar'

Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe

Green and gold

One of our favorite native groundcovers for the woodland garden. Yellow daisy-like flowers cover 6" evergreen foliage in spring. Rosettes of leaves slowly spread stoloniferously. Looks great with columbine and Virginia bluebells. This golden star is very similar to Chrysogonum virginianum 'Allen Bush', but has shorter stems and stolons that spread above ground. With a compact and low growing form, this plant has deep, shiny green foliage and golden, star shaped flowers.

Chrysogonum virginianum var. australe

Coreopsis 'Crème Brûlée'

Tickseed

A more vigorous version of 'Moonbeam' that fills in faster in the spring and has larger flowers that occur all along the stems rather than just above the foliage, giving a fuller overall appearence. Overwinters well.

Coreopsis 'Crème Brûlée'

Coreopsis 'Gilded Lace'

Tickseed

The entire plant is covered in blooms from end to end during late summer through fall. It has a unique lacey, fern-like foliage. Mildew resistant. Tolerant of a variety of conditions, but prefers moist, well-drained soils in full sun.

Coreopsis 'Gilded Lace'

Coreopsis pubescens 'Sunshine Superman'

Star tickseed

A North Creek original, this selection of C. pubescens var. pubescens blooms non-stop from mid-summer until October here, with saucer-like flowers over low, spreading, slightly fuzzy foliage. An easy, self-sowing plant when happy. Likes hot, bright, well-drained spots, but is not fussy at all. An easy native for sun or part shade.

Coreopsis pubescens 'Sunshine Superman'

Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam'

Whorled tickseed

Coreopsis 'Moonbeam' is a dependable bloomer and all-round fantastic plant. The flowers are a glowing, lemon-yellow color and sit on top of tall, erect, lacey, somewhat mound forming, delicate (threadleaf) looking green foliage that has an airy appearance. The flowers are plentiful and bloom continuously throughout the entire summer. If the dead blossoms are removed, flowers will be more abundant and healthy. Truly a bright sight. Great in rock gardens and gardens with poor soil. Makes a nice cut flower.

Coreopsis verticillata 'Moonbeam'

Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb'

Whorled tickseed

Winner of the 2001 RHS Award of Garden Merit, this threadleaf coreopsis is just a little bit shorter than 'Moonbeam'. 'Zagreb' has bright yellow flowers that sit atop tall, erect, lacey, somwhat mound forming, delicate (threadleaf) looking, green foliage that has an airy appearance. The flowers are abundant and bloom continuously throughout the entire summer. Removal of the dead blossoms encourages longer blooming and healthier flowers. Truly a colorful sight. Great in rock gardens and gardens with poor soil. Makes a good cut flower.

Coreopsis verticillata 'Zagreb'

Coreopsis verticillata

Whorled tickseed

This hardy species is a delightful and tough landscape solution. Taller and more vigorous than 'Moonbeam' or 'Zagreb', it has bright yellow flowers for 8 weeks or more, from late May to early August and often later. Drought tolerant and easy to grow in a garden or along the roadside.

Coreopsis verticillata

Delphinium exaltatum

Tall larkspur

Wow! A blue-flowered Delphinium for bright to average shade and it is native to woodland glades from Alabama to Pennsylvania. Ours came to us thanks to the generosity of the Holden Arboretum in Kirtland, Ohio. Spikes of spurred blue flowers top 3-6' stems from July to September. A welcome addition to the woodland edge or bright shade border.

Delphinium exaltatum

Deschampsia cespitosa

Tufted hairgrass

An ornamental grass that does well in moderately shady locations.  Airy masses of finely branched, light green infloresences rise above the neatly rounded tufts of narrow, dark green foliage in early summer, and remain intact long enough to provide some early winter interest.

Deschampsia cespitosa

Deschampsia cespitosa 'Goldtau'

Tufted hairgrass

Selected for deep, dark-green foliage, late blooming period, clump-forming habit and airy, golden-yellow flowers that emerge in June and last through to September. Attractive seed heads persist through winter. An eye catching cool season, semi-evergreen ornamental grass perfectly suited for part sun to shade.

Deschampsia cespitosa 'Goldtau'

Deschampsia flexuosa

Wavy hairgrass

A delightful and elegant native, this diminutive grass thrives in dry shade. Fine-textured and delicate in appearance, it is tough and drought tolerant, ideal for planting in any well-drained shady location as a groundcover. In spring it is topped with graceful feathery flowers that are lovely as they move quietly in the breeze.

Deschampsia flexuosa

Dicentra eximia

Wild bleeding heart

A popular plant for the shade garden, Dicentra eximia is a tremendous performer. The leaves are deeply cut and fern like. The pink flowers are oblong heart shaped with an inner petal that drips from the outer petals, creating the appearance that the heart is bleeding. The flowers are smaller and longer than the old-fashioned bleeding heart, but in long branching inflorescences that encourage a more floriferous species.

Dicentra eximia

Dryopteris goldiana

Goldie's woodfern

This is the largest of the native wood ferns, reaching 4' in ideal conditions. It is a stately and slowly spreading groundcover, forming large clusters of graceful arching fronds. Named for Scottish botanist John Goldie, its fronds are green without a hint of gold. Dryopteris goldiana is native to seepage slopes and moist woods from Newfoundland to Georgia, west to Minnesota and Arkansas.

Dryopteris goldiana

Dryopteris marginalis

Eastern woodfern
The leathery leaves of Dryopteris marginalis are a beautiful addition to the woodland garden and can form a lovely an easy to maintain groundcover. A sturdy east coast native, it forms a tidy clump that will not spread and is very tolerant of dry shade conditions once it has established. Marginal wood fern is often found in shaded crevices of rocky ledges and bluffs from Newfoundland to Georgia, west to Oklahoma and Minnesota.
Dryopteris marginalis

Dryopteris x australis

Dixie woodfern

Dryopteris x australis is a natural hybrid (D. celsa x ludoviciana) found in wild populations from Louisiana to Virginia, but is a superb garden plant as far north as Zone 5. It is taller than either parent and a formidable addition to the garden.

Dryopteris x australis

Echinacea paradoxa

Yellow purple coneflower

A Yellow Purple Coneflower... thus the paradox. Relatively rare in the wild and in cultivation, this coneflower is stunning in summer. Its bright, pure yellow flowers consist of drooping petals surrounding a soft brown cone. Goldfinches devour the seeds. Native to the Ozark Mountains and surrounding areas.

Echinacea paradoxa

Echinacea purpurea PowWow® White

Coneflower

Lend a classic look to your garden with Pow Wow® White’s graceful, downward arching and bright white ray petals surrounded by bright yellow cones. This spectacular variety is extremely well-branched for profuse blooms and summer to frost flower power! Amazing in a sunny perennial border or wildlife garden. Easy to grow and very adaptable to heat, humidity, drought and poor soils.

Echinacea purpurea PowWow® White

Echinacea purpurea PowWow® Wild Berry

Coneflower

Up the WOW factor in your garden with PowWow® Wild Berry, a 2010 All-America Selection award winner! This spectacular variety is extremely well-branched for profuse blooms and flower power summer to frost. Brilliant rose-purple flowers retain color longer without fading and will bloom without the need for deadheading. Amazing in a sunny perennial border or wildlife garden. Easy to grow and very adaptable to heat, humidity, drought or poor soils.

Echinacea purpurea PowWow® Wild Berry

Echinacea purpurea

Purple coneflower

One of the great butterfly magnets of the native perennial garden! Coneflowers are easy to grow in average to dry, well drained soils. Flowers with large orange gold spiky centers and strong reflexed rose pink petals appear in July and August. Very drought tolerant.

Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan'

Purple coneflower

'White Swan' is not as cold hardy or vigorous as its common purple relative, but it makes up for this with its unique, beautiful, pure white flowers. A tall plant with large, dark green leaves and a large, 3-4" flower with white, broad, silky petals that surround a dark brown/bronze cone. Plants are tough and heat and drought tolerant once established. Their roots have famous medicinal qualities, they make great, long lasting, cut flowers and attract numerous butterflies and small birds.

Echinacea purpurea 'White Swan'

Echinacea purpurea 'Ruby Star'

Purple coneflower

Introduced by Jelitto, who gave us 'Magnus', Echinacea 'Ruby Star' is a slightly shorter plant with large flat topped flowers that are a deeper purple pink, almost ruby red, than most others. Plants are easy to grow, tough, and heat and drought tolerant once established. Their roots have famous medicinal qualities, they make great, long lasting, cut flowers and attract numerous butterflies and small birds.

Echinacea purpurea 'Ruby Star'

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'

Purple coneflower

Named by Klaus Jelitto of Jelitto Staudensamen (perennial seeds) in Germany, for Swedish nurseryman Magnus Nilsson, who carefully selected for ten years, looking for fine form, dark hue, and very horizontal petals. A tall, coarse plant with large, dark green leaves and a large, 3-4" flower with broad hot pink to purple petals that surround a brown/bronze cone. Plants are tough and heat and drought tolerant once established. Their roots have famous medicinal qualities, they make great, long lasting cut flowers and attract numerous butterflies and small birds.

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'

Elymus virginicus

Virginia wildrye

Green to silvery blue foliage, often with a waxy appearance, is topped with 3-6" long spikelets in late spring and early summer.

Elymus virginicus

Eragrostis spectabilis

Purple lovegrass
Fluffy clouds of bronze-red inflorescenses are soft and subtle in the sunlight. Light green foliage in summer turning to a bronzy-red in fall. Irresistable texture plant for the late summer garden.
Eragrostis spectabilis

Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus 'Lynnhaven Carpet'

Robin's plantain

This outstanding form of E. pulchellus was selected for its relatively large grey-green, pubescent foliage (4"), dense, mat-forming habit and astonishing ability to thrive in a wide range of challenging conditions. In early May, individual flower stalks give rise to lightly tinted lavender flowers with a yellow inner eye. Foliage remains less than 6" and forms a tight groundcover, while flowering stems top out at just over a foot tall. Originally found growing on the 27-acre property of Clarice Keeling of Virginia Beach, VA, 'Lynnhaven Carpet' was named after Virginia Beach’s Lynnhaven River by plantsman Charles Cresson. An easy to grow, carefree native perennial perfectly suited for moderate sunlight to full shade. Enjoy!

Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus 'Lynnhaven Carpet'

Eriogonum allenii 'Little Rascal'

Shale barrens buckwheat

This beautiful, long-flowering workhorse is a durable plant that thrives in urban plantings, rock gardens or any consistently dry site. With a tidy, low-growing habit of gray-green, paddle-shaped leaves, it bursts with golden yellow umbels that age to various shades of bronzy orange in the late summer. A wonderful little plant at 18-24” tall, it provides habitat and nectar for butterflies, honeybees, bumblebees and hummingbirds. It is also a great selection for those who enjoy cut flowers.

Eriogonum allenii 'Little Rascal'

Eryngium yuccifolium

Button eryngo

A unique and eye-catching plant for a dry, sunny site. Slightly spiny leaves are arranged in a rosette that resembles Yucca. Flower stems shoot skyward in summer and are topped with thistle-like bluish silver flowers. An architectural addition to the perennial border or meadow. Found in moist and dry sandy soils in open woods, fields, and prairies; Virginia to Minnesota, south to Texas and Florida.

Eryngium yuccifolium

Eupatorium coelestinum

Hardy ageratum
Fuzzy blue flowers atop attractive red stems, in September and October, make great cut flowers. This plant can be aggressive in Southern gardens. Found in old fields, meadows, and along stream banks. Naturalizes readily.
Eupatorium coelestinum

Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe'

Joe Pye weed
Selected by Steve Lighty while at The Conard-Pyle Co., this dimunitive Joe Pye has the vivid color of 'Gateway' at a height more appropriate for small gardens. 'Little Joe 'is also more compact in a container too.
Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe'

Eupatorium fistulosum

Joe Pye weed

Trumpetweed is a robust, upright perennial with hollow purple stems accented by huge, rounded, tight clusters of pink or purplish-mauve flowers. It is an important pollen and nectar plant and attracts butterflies (particularly the swallowtail butterfly) and other pollinaters by the dozens. Its height makes it an excellent backround plant in border perennial beds, but is also majestic standing alone. Flower color is darker in cooler weather.

Eupatorium fistulosum

Eupatorium hyssopifolium

Hyssop-leaf thoroughwort

A dry meadow and sandy field native with white flowers and very fine-textured foliage. Flat topped clusters of white fringed flowers have the overall appearence of clouds - very attractive and often underutilized. Wonderful as late summer texture.

Eupatorium hyssopifolium

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common boneset

Loose, white, flat-topped flowers over deep green foliage with hairy stems. E. perfoliatum is a clumping, slightly aromatic, easy to grow plant with low maintenance. Great for attracting butterflies. E. perfoliatum may be used in border and wildflower gardens, around the banks of a pond and in areas in which it may naturalize.

Eupatorium perfoliatum

Eupatorium purpureum ssp. maculatum 'Gateway'

Joe Pye weed

Like others in this genus, 'Gateway' is no exception in its power to attract butterflies with its huge, bright mauve-pink flower clusters atop deep wine red stems. July to September bloom makes 'Gateway' a bold and dramatic display when planted with Rudbeckia 'Autumn Sun' or tall ornamental grasses. Outrageous!

Eupatorium purpureum ssp. maculatum 'Gateway'

Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate'

Snakeroot

Chocolate leaves and shiny, deep purple stems make a wonderful contrast to explosions of white flowers in September and October. Perfect accent to the bright violets and blues found in Lobelia and Penstemon. With all this color, how could butterflies not be interested? Excellent cut flower. Be careful...this plant is toxic for people and animals! Introduced by Dr. Richard Lighty.

Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate'

Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink'

Beeblossom

A Siskiyou Nursery introduction. Wine-red buds opening to rose pink flowers with white stamens. Shorter than other varieties with darker foliage. Occasional white flowers will appear, but they are few. The stems culminate in racemes of orchid-like flowers that open a few at a time giving the plant the added bonus of a long blooming period.

Gaura lindheimeri 'Siskiyou Pink'

Gaura lindheimeri 'Whirling Butterflies'

Beeblossom

A generously branching and floriferous selection of the species. Bright starry white flowers on numerous thin spikes. Maroon spots may appear on the foliage. The stems culminate in racemes of orchid-like flowers that open a few at a time, giving the plant the added bonus of a long blooming period.

Gaura lindheimeri 'Whirling Butterflies'

Gaura lindheimeri 'Rosyjane'

Beeblossom

Clear white, four-petaled flowers with a candy-pink picotee. Flowers bloom along tall, flexible stems throughout summer. Open, vase-shaped habit; quite tolerant of heat, humidity, and some drought once established. Requires well-drained soil.

Gaura lindheimeri 'Rosyjane'

Gelsemium sempervirens 'Margarita'

Carolina jessamine
A reliable zone 6 Gelsemium? This is it! It has flowered here in Landenberg for 10 years and the survival rate is 100%, with occasional dieback in the harshest winters. A profuse display of clear yellow trumpet flowers in early summer with semievergreen foliage. 'Margarita' is a superior seedling selected by Don Jacobs of Eco Gardens in Decatur, Georgia. With its much larger, more prominent flowers, it was superior in every way to common seedlings, so Jacobs named it for his wife. He had no idea that it would survive winters to minus 25 F. as it has here in Pennsylvania. Gelsemium 'Margarita' is a Gold Medal Award winner from the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Carolina Jessamine is found from Virginia to Texas to Florida, usually in a bright spot at wood's edge or in a clearing, but it can also be seen climbing a fence or tree in an open field where the Kudzu hasn't yet taken over.
Gelsemium sempervirens 'Margarita'

Geranium maculatum 'Espresso'

Wild geranium

We are very excited to offer our own selection from the woods of Landenberg! Pale lavender-pink flowers over very attractive maroon-purple foliage. A bold new look for our native cranesbill, useful as a groundcover or shade garden feature plant. G. maculatum is found naturally in open woods, clearings, woods edges and roadsides throughout the Eastern US.

Geranium maculatum 'Espresso'

Geranium maculatum

Wild geranium
We are back on track with this great woodland native! Easy to grow in most shady spots, it flowers in spring with pink or lavender blooms. Found in open woods, clearings, woods edges and roadsides throughout the Eastern US. A necessary component for the shade meadow!
Geranium maculatum

Geum fragarioides

Appalachian barren strawberry

Bright, golden-yellow, 5-petaled flowers bloom early to late spring creating a striking accent against evergreen, trifoliate leaves. Flowers and foliage appear on separate stalks; foliage spreads by rhizomes just below the soil surface. A multi-seasonal, ornamental groundcover for the native garden.

Geum fragarioides

Helenium autumnale

Common sneezeweed

Our local native with yellow or bronze single daisy-like flowers on stout branched stems in late summer. Petals have distinct tooth-like indentations; hence the common name, dog-toothed daisy. All sneezeweeds have three-lobed petals which distiguish them from Rudbeckia and other yellow coneflowers. Brown, rust colored fruit appear in fall. Great for cut flowers and the avid butterfly gardener.

Helenium autumnale

Helenium flexuosum 'Tiny Dancer'

Sneezeweed

This great floriferous native is very attractive in the garden and in flower arrangements. Its delightful brown spherical cones are surrounded by a flowing fringe of bright yellow reflexed petals looking like hundreds of yellow skirted dancers in motion. The foliage is compact and bushy. Tolerant of a wide variety of conditions, H. flexuosum blooms from mid-summer into fall. Native from Massachusettes to Florida.

Helenium flexuosum 'Tiny Dancer'

Helianthus 'Lemon Queen'

Sunflower

A free-flowering plant to brighten up the late summer garden. Covered in intense light yellow single 2-3" flowers from July to September. An irresistible butterfly plant.

Helianthus 'Lemon Queen'

Helianthus salicifolius 'Low Down'

Willowleaf sunflower

So, you've never grown this sunflower because it is impossible to keep in a container, right? Not any more! This diminutive version reaches only 18" by the time it blooms, but has the flower power of its 8' cousins. No pinching, staking or cussing required! A great addition to the front of the border for late summer and fall color.

Helianthus salicifolius 'Low Down'

Helianthus salicifolius 'First Light'

Willowleaf sunflower

An explosion of golden yellow flowers combined with a manageable height makes this a superior selection. Despite its name, this plant can be found literally blanketed in flowers in the late summer and into the fall when most other Helianthus are past. Flowers form on upright, self-supporting stems but instead of the typical tall sunflower, Helianthus 'First Light' forms a nice, compact clump of fuzzy, linear leaves topping out just above 3 feet.

Helianthus salicifolius 'First Light'

Helianthus × multiflorus 'Sunshine Daydream' Garden Candy™

Many-flowered sunflower

'Sunshine Daydream' was found as a branch sport of 'Capenoch Star'. This selection has fully double blooms with petals that re-curve toward the stem. 'Capenoch Star' has small, true sunflower-like blooms. This selection has also been compared to 'Flore Pleno'. 'Sunshine Daydream' has fully rounded, dahlia-like blooms that are smaller in diameter, but much more numerous in quantity. In comparison to 'Loddon's Gold', the blooms of 'Sunshine Daydream' have a much more pincushion or dome-like appearance and a more uniform shape. This selection is also the most golden-yellow of the three.

Helianthus × multiflorus 'Sunshine Daydream' Garden Candy™

Helianthus × multiflorus 'Sunshine Daydream' Garden Candy™

Many-flowered sunflower

'Sunshine Daydream' was found as a branch sport of 'Capenoch Star'. This selection has fully double blooms with petals that re-curve toward the stem. 'Capenoch Star' has small, true sunflower-like blooms. This selection has also been compared to 'Flore Pleno'. 'Sunshine Daydream' has fully rounded, dahlia-like blooms that are smaller in diameter, but much more numerous in quantity. In comparison to 'Loddon's Gold', the blooms of 'Sunshine Daydream' have a much more pincushion or dome-like appearance and a more uniform shape. This selection is also the most golden-yellow of the three.

Helianthus × multiflorus 'Sunshine Daydream' Garden Candy™

Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights'

Smooth oxeye
Deep golden yellow flowers with deep mahogony centers top dark red stems and red-tinged foliage. Simply stunning! A North Creek introduction.
Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights'

Heliopsis helianthoides

Smooth oxeye

This local native sunflower happily naturalizes in moist or dry conditions. Upright and clump forming with bright, 2", single, medium gold flowers for eight weeks, peaking in July. Imagine, a self sowing butterfly magnet, that also doubles as a birdfeeder in the fall. Excellent cut flower!

 

Heliopsis helianthoides

Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Sun'

Smooth oxeye

This local native sunflower happily naturalizes in moist or dry conditions. Upright and clump forming with bright yellow flowers June through August. Tough and easy to grow. Staking is rarely necessary due to sturdy and strong stems. Very attractive to nectar seekers. Great for cut flowers.

Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Sun'

Heuchera americana 'Dale's Strain'

American alumroot

This is a seed propagated strain selected by Dale Hendricks that is really fantastic and excitingly variable. Unique silver-blue marbled foliage accented by white flowers on long panicles in the spring. Excellent drought tolerant ground cover. Foliage display is amazing!

Heuchera americana 'Dale's Strain'

Heuchera longiflora

Longflower alumroot

A beautiful display when used en masse, the long flowering stems of this alumroot sway high above deep green foliage mottled in silver highlights. Tubular calyces surround the pale yellow flowers and securely affix them to upright stems. Expect flowering from late May into June.

Heuchera longiflora

Heuchera macrorhiza 'Autumn Bride'

Alumroot

Fuzzy, chartreuse to lime green, nearly evergreen foliage erupts in September with white fountains of pure white flowers continuing until frost. A very easy-care plant tolerant of dry shade and a wide variety of conditions. A good, tough exciting meat-and-potatoes groundcover that doubles as a cut flower! Great for moist shade. Named and introduced by Bluemount Nurseries, Monkton, MD.

Heuchera macrorhiza 'Autumn Bride'

Heuchera micrantha 'Palace Purple'

Alumroot

Deep purple, ivy-shaped foliage fades to bronze green in the heat of summer and becomes dark green in the fall. This plant has been an industry favorite for many years and was the Perennial Plant Association's Plant of the Year in 1991.

Heuchera micrantha 'Palace Purple'

Heuchera villosa 'Caramel'

Hairy alumroot

Bred by Thierry Delabroye, 'Caramel' has glowing apricot new growth fading to soft amber by summer. Fall color is an intense salmon red. Its lobed fuzzy foliage typical of H. villosa stays clean. An eastern US native species that is plenty hardy and unsurpassed for longevity, even in the prolonged heat and humidity of the south. Long panicles of creamy white flowers in late summer.

Heuchera villosa 'Caramel'

Heuchera villosa f. purpurea 'Bronze Wave'

Hairy alumroot

A superb intro from Charles Oliver of the Primrose Path, this is a native late-flowering groundcover. This has much shinier, almost lacquered looking foliage vs. H. villosa 'Purpurea'. Like its cousin 'Autumn Bride', 'Bronze Wave' is sturdy, perhaps an 18", or a bit larger, clump. September-October flowering spikes of small tan flowers. Excellent shade groundcover that can happily compete with tree roots and come out looking good.

Heuchera villosa f. purpurea 'Bronze Wave'

Hibiscus moscheutos

Swamp rosemallow

This shrublike herbaceous perennial is a vigorous grower with large, glabrous leaves and 4-5" wide flowers that range from pink to white. The flowers last only for one day, but they appear consistently until the end of the season. An amazing show of color and grace!

Hibiscus moscheutos

Hydrangea arboescens 'Haas' Halo'

smooth hydrangea

Deep, bluish-green, leathery foliage and 14” pure white wide lace cap blooms make for a stunning combination in any setting. This beautiful native selection stands tall and never flops, even with its massive blooms. It’s an upright, yet bushy plant that will stop anyone walking past with the display of truly incredible blooms and stout and sturdy stature. 

Hydrangea arboescens 'Haas' Halo'

Iris cristata 'Eco Bluebird'

Dwarf crested iris

Blue-purple flowers with orange crests and white throats surrounded by navy blue. A consistently strong performer, more thick and robust than the species. Very attractive, versatile and easy to care for.

Iris cristata 'Eco Bluebird'

Iris cristata

Dwarf crested iris

Blue-violet flowers appear in early spring, carpeting the native woodland garden or shaded perennial border. Will naturalize, spreading to form a beautiful native groundcover.

Iris cristata

Iris cristata 'Powder Blue Giant'

Dwarf crested iris

Considerably huskier and more vigorous than the species, this sweet giant boasts 3" flowers of delicate light blue with golden crests and deep blue accents. Vigorous and easy to grow!

Iris cristata 'Powder Blue Giant'

Iris cristata 'Tennessee White'

Dwarf crested iris

This delightful selection of our native crested iris came to us from Don Shadow in Winchester, TN. 'Tennessee White' is a vigorous spreader and prolific bloomer, covering the fan-like foliage with brilliant white flowers in spring, each accented with delicate yellow crests. Its late spring show starts earlier and lasts longer than the other selections we've tried.

Iris cristata 'Tennessee White'

Iris versicolor

Blueflag
Very robust, dramatic display of boldly veined, swordlike leaves with large, violet-blue flowers accented by whitish markings at the base of the sepals. Petals and sepals spread out flat making it an attractive place for feeding by hummingbirds.
Iris versicolor

Juncus effusus

Soft rush
Juncus effusus is a clump forming wetland plant that is a striking vertical addition to any garden or container planting. Upright, fanning, deep green, rounded stems make a great accent in a container or water garden. Soft Rush can be planted at the edge of a pond or in up to 6" of standing water. Inconspicuous golden flowers appear atop the stems in summer. Native to most of North America, Soft Rush provides food and shelter for birds and other wildlife. Distribution Map
Juncus effusus

Juncus tenuis

Poverty rush

Great as a diminutive filler for rain gardens, as a groundcover, and for erosion control.

Juncus tenuis

Liatris microcephala

Dwarf blazing star

An exceptional, compact native with fine-textured, deep green grassy leaves. Dwarf blazingstar sends up numerous spikes with tassel-like rosy purple flowers in August and September. Unique to the genus, the flowers open from top to bottom on the spike in a slow unfurling of brilliant color. Excellent as a cut flower. Tolerant of clay and drought, very low maintenance. Loved by butterflies! Liatris microcephala can be found in sandy, dry prairies and open glades of the Southern Appalachian Mountains.

Liatris microcephala

Liatris spicata

Spike gayfeather

We are pleased to increase the availability of Pennsylvania provenance populations of our native gayfeathers. Tallest of the genus with upright spikes bearing pinkish-purple tassels in July and August. One of the best garden performers! An excellent cut flower and a magnet for butterflies, bees, rare moths and hummingbirds. Deer resistant!

Liatris spicata

Lobelia cardinalis

Cardinal flower

Clump-forming habit with brilliant red flower spikes set against green and purple-bronze colored foliage. Each individual spike of scarlet flowers open from bottom to top and stays in bloom for several weeks. A favorite of hummingbirds. Makes an excellent cut flower. A real show stopper!

Lobelia cardinalis

Lobelia cardinalis 'Black Truffle'

Cardinal flower

Wonderful in the perennial border and perfect for rain gardens, this cardinal flower is sure to stand out with its dramatic, dark chocolatey-purple foliage and bold red flowers. Superior to other dark-foliaged Lobelias on the market, 'Black Truffle' holds this deep color throughout the growing season. A magnet for hummingbirds and butterflies all summer, but deer tend to leave it alone. Introduced by Peter Heus and brought to market by Plants Nouveau.

Lobelia cardinalis 'Black Truffle'

Lobelia cardinalis 'Black Truffle'

Cardinal flower

Wonderful in the perennial border and perfect for rain gardens, this cardinal flower is sure to stand out with its dramatic, dark chocolatey-purple foliage and bold red flowers. Superior to other dark-foliaged Lobelias on the market, 'Black Truffle' holds this deep color throughout the growing season. A magnet for hummingbirds and butterflies all summer, but deer tend to leave it alone. Introduced by Peter Heus and brought to market by Plants Nouveau.

Lobelia cardinalis 'Black Truffle'

Lobelia siphilitica

Great blue lobelia

The spikes of brilliant true blue flowers on this wetland native attract butterflies, hummingbirds and neighbors to your garden! Lobelia siphilitica provides outstanding color for the border, wet meadow or pond edge. Naturalizes easily in moist soils, but tolerates periods of drought.

Lobelia siphilitica

Lonicera sempervirens

Trumpet honeysuckle
The sweetly scented tubular red flowers of this native honeysuckle often attract hummingbirds to the garden throughout the summer. Flowers are followed by bright red fruit, attractive to birds. Unlike its Japanese cousin, it is a well-behaved member of the border. A twining vine, it needs a trellis or fence for support.
Lonicera sempervirens

Lonicera sempervirens 'Magnifica'

Trumpet honeysuckle
The sweetly scented tubular orange flowers of this native honeysuckle often attract hummingbirds to the garden throughout the summer. Flowers are followed by bright red fruit, attractive to birds. Unlike its Japanese cousin, it is a well-behaved member of the border. A twining vine, it needs a trellis or fence for support.
Lonicera sempervirens 'Magnifica'

Lonicera sempervirens 'John Clayton'

Trumpet honeysuckle

Lovely pale yellow flowers exploding from June all the way through November. This plant was selected by the VA Native Plant Society for excellent repeat bloom, clean foliage and compact form. Named for colonial botanist, and found on the grounds of a 17th century Abington church in Glouchester, VA. Although perhaps not as vibrant as other cultivars, this beauty blooms steadily and still grabs the attention hummingbirds and butterflies. Bright orange-red fruits in late summer and fall.

Lonicera sempervirens 'John Clayton'

Lonicera sempervirens 'Major Wheeler'

Trumpet honeysuckle
Finally a production and landscape friendly native honeysuckle! Major Wheeler is the best selection of Lonicera sempervirens we've grown and it stands out so far above the rest that we've dropped all other red cultivars. Clean foliage is the first benefit. Even in periods of drought or in overgrown production, we've never seen a speck of mildew on this one. But its real asset is FLOWER POWER! This selection is COVERED in red trumpet flowers in late spring and keeps churning them out all summer long, especially with a post-bloom trim. The hummingbirds will find it from miles around.
Lonicera sempervirens 'Major Wheeler'

Lupinus perennis

Sundial lupine

Fragrant, pea-like, blue to violet flowers in late spring with leaves that are palmately divided into 7-11 leaflets. Enhances soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen into a useful form. Requires good drainage.

Lupinus perennis

Matteuccia struthiopteris

Ostrich fern
Large, lustrous, dark green fronds arch gracefully and give the tropical feel of a palm. Happiest in a cool moist site, it will tolerate more sun at the side of a stream or pond. Emerging fiddleheads are delectable sautéed in a bit of oil.
Matteuccia struthiopteris

Meehania cordata

Meehan's mint

Looking for a native substitute for Ajuga or Lamium? This could be it! Long, trailing stems run across the ground and root along the way. In late spring the green carpet gives way to hundreds of blue flowers opening to reveal spotted throats. Beautiful from a distance and under close scrutiny. Irresistible in a pot!

Meehania cordata

Mertensia virginica

Virginia bluebells

You know spring has arrived when the pendulous, trumpet-shaped flowers of Mertensia return. Flower buds start off pink and slowly transition to a soft blue as flowers develop. Foliage is smooth, oval, and has an attractive bluish cast. Beautiful when used en masse and left undisturbed. The perfect spring ephemeral for the woodland garden, incorporate with native ferns and sedges. Summer dormant. Best for planting directly into the landscape, as they must root in to return to bloom the following year. These ephemerals are not ideal for finishing in a pot for spring sales.

Mertensia virginica

Monarda bradburiana

Eastern beebalm

Tubular, two-lipped, pink to light lavender flowers carry a purple tracking and bloom from spring into summer. A member of the mint family, this native bee balm is very attractive to pollinators and occurs naturally in open and dry, rocky woods from Alabama to Texas, north to Iowa.

Monarda bradburiana

Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline'

Beebalm

Named for the son of Georgia plantsman and garden designer Jean Cline. This is the ticket as far as mildew resistant Monardas. Wonderfully aromatic foliage and stems with enormous red tubular flowers from June to August. A Saul Nursery introduction. Cherished by butterflies and hummingbirds. Also makes an excellent cut flower!

Monarda didyma 'Jacob Cline'

Monarda fistulosa

Wild bergamot

Lovely lavender flowers top aromatic foliage. Easy to grow in a perennial border, wildflower garden or meadow. Wild bergamot is a great naturalizing wildflower and a magnet for butterflies and hummingbirds. Monarda fistulosa is more tolerant of drought and resistant to powdery mildew than M. didyma.

Monarda fistulosa

Monarda fistulosa 'Claire Grace'

Wild bergamot
This great plant was named by Mike and Barbara Bridges, of Southern Perennials and Herbs, for their daughter. Soft lavender pin cushion-like flowers. Quite mildew resistant, with excellent, shiny foliage. Extremely showy. A must for the avid butterfly gardener!
Monarda fistulosa 'Claire Grace'

Monarda punctata

Spotted beebalm

A valuable ecological species, Monarda punctata is the equivalent of a juice bar at the gym for nectar loving/needing insects! BONUS, it also resists all other kinds of mites that could impact the bees because it is incredibly high in thymol. If you are in the area where the endangered Karner Blue still resides, you will be helping restore them to safe status by planting a stand of Monarda punctata, as this is their food mothership.

Monarda punctata

Muhlenbergia capillaris

Hair-awn muhly
This native's tidy clumps of very fine blue foliage provide color and texture to the garden, but in late summer or fall they explode into bloom with clouds of airy pink flowers that last for many weeks. Stunningly beautiful, even in heat, humidity or drought!
Muhlenbergia capillaris

Muhlenbergia reverchonii UNDAUNTED® 'PUND01S'

Ruby muhly

Plant this muhlygrass for a show-stopping autumnal display! An aura of reddish mauve flower spikes bloom late summer into fall and will stop you in your tracks - a performance that intensifies when backlit by the rising or setting autumn sun. Striking when planted en masse, or lovely as an accent mixed into a perennial border. The clouds of flowers dry after frost and persist to provide winter interest. This warm season grass’s fine-textured, soft green foliage forms a tidy, well-behaved mound. Heat and drought tolerant, long-lived and low maintenance.

Muhlenbergia reverchonii UNDAUNTED® 'PUND01S'

Nassella tenuissima

Finestem needlegrass
The narrow green blades of this southwestern native form a tidy fountaining clump. In early summer silvery cream-colored flowers open to resemble downy feathers that sway gently with the breeze. In fall the flowers turn amber and remain attractive through winter. Not tolerant of winter wet.
Nassella tenuissima

Oenothera berlanderi 'Siskiyou'

Evening primrose

An extremely long blooming, easy care plant. A vigorous, stoloniferous grower that can be a bit of a thug, especially in sandier soils. It is less invasive and shorter than O. speciosa, but still a fast running plant that can quickly spread. Great numbers of 1-1/2", upright, clear light pink flowers are translucent in the sun. Blooms May through July and with periodic rebloom until October.

Oenothera berlanderi 'Siskiyou'

Oenothera fruticosa

Sundrops

A tough and reliable perennial, well-suited to hot dry sites. The stems of Oenothera fruticosa are thin, hairy, and reddish with similar leaves. The buds begin as red but open into beautiful bright yellow flowers in early summer. Easy, dependable, a strong grower that can spread a bit, particularly in sandy soils. Great color for a meadow! Native to dry soil, open fields, and open woods from Nova Scotia to Florida.

Oenothera fruticosa

Oenothera fruticosa 'Fireworks'

Sundrops
Confused for many years in the trade, we are proud to carry the true 'Fireworks'. Deep bronze foliage and red stems are contrasted by red buds opening to canary yellow blooms in June. The individual flowers may not last for more than a day or two, but they open in succession leaving the plant in continuous bloom. Burgundy rosettes in winter. More compact and darker than 'Summer Solstice'. The most popular cultivar of the Oenotheras!
Oenothera fruticosa 'Fireworks'

Onoclea sensibilis

Sensitive fern
A freely running, deciduous fern with broad, deeply pinnatifid, smooth leaves. It spreads in moist soil and stays low to the ground, usually not more than 12-18", though heights of up to 3' are possible in ideal conditions. Very effective as a moist shade groundcover.
Onoclea sensibilis

Osmunda cinnamomea

Cinnamon fern
Brilliant green lacy fronds gracefully arch outward in stately vase-shaped clumps. In early summer narrow fronds emerge as vertical spikes of cinnamon red brown in the center. Especially striking when planted in groups. Prefers a moist shady site, but tolerates more sun in cooler zones.
Osmunda cinnamomea

Osmunda claytoniana

Interrupted fern

Broad green fronds are “interrupted” in the middle by spore-bearing pinnae (leaflets) in early summer, hence the common name. Forming a lovely spreading vase habit, this low-maintenance native fern makes a distinctive addition to the shade border or woodland garden.

Osmunda claytoniana

Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis

Royal fern
Royal fern is truly one of the most distinctive and spectacular bold-textured deciduous native ferns with its light green, leathery leaves and graceful architectural stature. With adequate moisture, royal fern can reach 6' tall and create a lush, tropical feel along a stream or beside a pond.
Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis

Pachysandra procumbens

Allegheny spurge

Why plant English Ivy, Vinca or Liriope when you can enjoy this native evergreen gem? Fragrant, white flower spikes appear in spring, later becoming camouflaged by a new flush of gorgeous, crisp green foliage. Leaves have a scalloped margin and take on an attractive pale silver mottling.

Pachysandra procumbens

Packera aurea

Golden groundsel

Clusters of small golden daisy-like flowers appear over broad, shiny green, toothed basal leaves in May. Strong blooming, even in the shade. A robust groundcover where happy and an excellent cut flower. Self seeds and naturalizes.

Packera aurea

Panicum 'Cape Breeze'

Switchgrass

North Creek is proud to bring Panicum 'Cape Breeze' to the market. Fantastic foliage stays green until Halloween! From production to the landscape, this grass truly is a breeze. Selected for upright habit, compact size and early flowering. Its perfect, tidy stature combines the toughness of seaside Panicum with the neatness of garden worthy cultivars. Great texture and movement in the landscape!

Panicum 'Cape Breeze'

Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue'

Switchgrass

This smooth, blue tinted grass can grow as tall as 4' and spreads slowly through its rhizome growth forming clumps. It was selected for its glaucous blue color, and graceful fountain habit. The flowers are airy, emerging in the fall, and persisting as a light beige color throughout the winter. Selected and named, by Rick Darke, for the lower Delaware beach town that bears its name. Native along the shores from Louisiana to Connecticut. It is adapted to dry, sterile locations where it plays an important role in stabilizing.

Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue'

Panicum virgatum

Switchgrass
An upright landscape grass with lovely blue green foliage that turns yellow in fall. In late summer airy wheat-colored flowers appear and remain attractive well into fall. It is an undemanding native grass suitable to any soil type. Tough and easy to grow!
Panicum virgatum

Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah'

Switchgrass

The brightest red Panicum by a long shot. Experienced horticulturists have mistaken it for Imperata at first glance. It colors up by June and the flowers are also red. The shortest of the group and also the slowest grower, perhaps due in part to its lack of chlorophyll. This will probably be the most popular Switchgrass ever! Introduced by Dr. Hans Simon of Germany. Nothing comes close to the fall color displayed by this grass!

Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah'

Panicum virgatum 'Northwind'

Switchgrass
Wow! An unequivocally upright steel blue panicum selected by Roy Diblik of Northwind Perennial Farm in Springfield, WI. It was the only one of our 13 trial varieties still standing after Hurricane Floyd! And the drought of '99? No problem. Wide, thick leaf blades are a bit more substantial than those of the other blues. A golden yellow color in the fall.
Panicum virgatum 'Northwind'

Penstemon digitalis

Beardtongue

In early summer, white or light-pink-tinted, tubular 1" flowers on branching, hollow stalks rise above a basal rosette of lustrous dark green leaves. Drought tolerant, tough as nails, and deer resistant. The tubular flowers make an excellent landing pad for bees, butterflies and hummingbirds alike!

Penstemon digitalis

Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red'

Beardtongue

This native makes a stunning display with its brilliant white flowers against a backdrop of deep red foliage. Tough and easy to grow, it tolerates a wide variety of conditions including hot, dry sites. Our plants are now vegetatively propagated from our reddest, most vigorous selections.

Penstemon digitalis 'Husker Red'

Phlox divaricata 'May Breeze'

Wild blue phlox

A delightful spring-blooming native for shade, it carpets the shady border with nearly white blooms. 'May Breeze' will spread and fill in around bulbs or perennials that are late to emerge. A small-statured wild sweet william with loose clusters of fragrant, pale blue, almost white flowers that drive the butterflies wild! A Piet Oudolf introduction, from the Netherlands.

Phlox divaricata 'May Breeze'

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'

Woodland phlox

Selected for outstanding flower color and very full flower petals, 'Blue Moon' bears many fragrant, 5-petaled flowers with the arrival of spring. Enjoy a knee-high sea of elegant, violet-blue flowers that attract hummingbirds & butterflies to your garden. Foliage is lance shaped and medium green. A long-lived, carefree native groundcover.

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'

Phlox paniculata 'David's Lavender'

Garden phlox

A fantastically colored variety of summer phlox, 'David's Lavender' is a selection from seedlings of 'David'. It has all of the disease resistance of 'David' with flowers of deep lavender-pink. Lots of flower power in this one!

Phlox paniculata 'David's Lavender'

Phlox paniculata 'Blue Paradise'

Garden phlox

'Blue Paradise' displays wonderful color from our native garden phlox! Flowers open pale blue, darken to a deep violet blue, then develop red-violet edges as they age. The color changes with the light, looking more blue or more purple depending on the time of day. This phlox is easy to grow and resists mildew.

Phlox paniculata 'Blue Paradise'

Phlox paniculata 'Robert Poore'

Garden phlox

This Southern Perennials and Herbs introduction was named for an ecological planner and Landscape Architect from Flora, Mississippi. A robust 4-5 foot plant with clean foliage all through the summer and fall. A long-blooming form with rose pink flowers typical of the species. A sure winner, especially if you prefer clean foliage without the use of fungicides.

Phlox paniculata 'Robert Poore'

Phlox paniculata 'Jeana'

Garden phlox

Found by and named after Jeana Prewitt of Nashville, TN, this selection possesses outstanding mildew resistance with varying shades of sweetly scented, lavender-pink flowers, vibrant midsummer through early autumn. Foliage remains clean green while flower clusters create a tiered effect along upright, multi-stemmed branches. Expect a flurry of pollinator activity!

Phlox paniculata 'Jeana'

Phlox stolonifera 'Sherwood Purple'

Creeping phlox

Mat-forming habit with masses of star-like, clear purple flowers with deep green foliage. A beautifully vibrant groundcover that will bring excitement to the shade or woodland garden!

Phlox stolonifera 'Sherwood Purple'

Phlox stolonifera 'Home Fires'

Creeping phlox

Mat-forming habit with masses of large, deep pink flowers with deep green, narrow leaved foliage. A beautifully vibrant groundcover that will bring excitement to the shady or woodland garden. Floriferous and highly fragrant. A top performer for early spring retail sales.

Phlox stolonifera 'Home Fires'

Physostegia virginiana 'Pink Manners'

Obedient plant

Tubular flowers in shades of lavender-pink adorn this taller sport of 'Miss Manners' from midsummer through autumn. As expected, it holds an upright, clump forming habit with attractive medium green foliage and grows to about 36” tall and 20” wide. An adaptable and easy-to-grow native, the strong stems do not require staking.

Physostegia virginiana 'Pink Manners'

Physostegia virginiana 'Miss Manners'

Obedient plant

This plant was selected by Darrell Probst of Garden Visions in Hubbardston, MA. 'Miss Manners' is notable for its well-behaved, non spreading habit. It is a compact, clumping form, with excellent secondary branching and good rebloom. Pure white snapdragon-like flowers from June to September over deep green, glossy foliage. A nice late season addition to the garden for bees and hummingbirds.

Physostegia virginiana 'Miss Manners'

Polemonium reptans 'Stairway to Heaven'

creeping Jacob's ladder

This excellent variegated selection of P. reptans was selected by Bill Cullina of The New England Wild Flower Society. A good plant for shade or a sunny edge (with adequate moisture). Imagine, a variegated Polemonium that actually lives! This native groundcover is very popular, and its royalties benefit the Garden in the Woods and their plant and habitat conservation.

Polemonium reptans 'Stairway to Heaven'

Polemonium reptans

creeping Jacob's ladder

A free-flowering woodland native with delicate light blue flowers topping ladder-like foliage in late spring. A good light-textured groundcover in areas with average to moist soils.

Polemonium reptans

Polystichum acrostichoides

Christmas fern

While not as showy as some others, this fern makes up for it with its neat habit, easy culture, and its lustrous, nearly evergreen leaves. Often used in Christmas floral arrangements because it is still attractive in December. It is a wonderful companion for spring blooming bulbs. Found in acidic to neutral soils on shaded slopes and well drained flats.

Polystichum acrostichoides

Porteranthus trifoliatus

Bowman's root

Also known as Indian Physic or American Ipecac, Bowman's Root is an easy-to-grow native for bright shade or partial sun and it tolerates tree root competition well as long at it has a nice layer of organic mulch. Bowman's Root is lovely in a mass planting where its lacy white flowers can shimmer in a light breeze. It makes a nice filler - think Gaura for shade! A compact, rounded plant is topped in late spring with ethereal white flowers growing in a few loose terminal panicles, with red petioles and mahogany stems. Clean, disease-free foliage often turns deep bronzy red in fall and contrasts beautifully with the more typical oranges and yellows in the perennial border. Interesting form and unique seed heads persist into winter. Great for cut flowers!

Porteranthus trifoliatus

Porteranthus trifoliatus 'Pink Profusion'

Bowman's root

We've been enjoying this great native for many years in our garden, since it was given to us by the Mt. Cuba Center in 2001. 'Pink Profusion' has clear pink flowers that are held daintily above reddish leaves on deep red stems. The best part is the way the flowers shimmer in a light breeze, as though they will take flight at any moment.

Porteranthus trifoliatus 'Pink Profusion'

Pycnanthemum flexuosum

Appalachian mountain mint

An aromatic, summer blooming, herbaceous perennial that produces silvery white, globular flowers on sturdy, upright stems. Blooming over a long period, flowers are prominently displayed above clean green foliage from summer into fall. A good soil stabilizer, this species spreads moderately via underground stem. Foliage develops an attractive red tinge in autumn. A larval host plant for the Gray Hairstreak Butterfly. Incorporate along the perennial border, rain garden, or near the vegetable garden to entice pollinators.

Pycnanthemum flexuosum

Pycnanthemum muticum

Short-toothed mountain mint

We give up! So many of you claimed this mountain mint to be superior to Pycnanthemum virginianum that we decided to try it for ourselves. We love it! Its leaves are broader and more lustrous, the bracts are silvery and very showy, the flowers are pinkish and its habit is more compact. Nicely aromatic. This native is happiest at the wood's edge, so it is an excellent for a naturalized border or woodland garden. Mountain Mint is one of the best nectar sources for native butterflies, so butterfly gardeners can't do without this one. Our bees go crazy for it, too!

Pycnanthemum muticum

Ratibida columnifera 'Red Midget'

Mexican hat plant

Fun, unique flowers dance above mounds of fine green foliage from June until frost. The blooms feature long, prominent cones that give way to wide, reflexed petals in shades of deep reddish-brown, orange, and yellow. This plant is by seed, so there will be variation in the red/yellow ratio in the flowers. A native prairie plant, this dwarf variety of the species performs exceptionally well in hot and dry conditions.

Ratibida columnifera 'Red Midget'

Ratibita pinnata

Prairie coneflower

Brown cones with reflexed yellow ray petals adorn this midwestern prairie native in midsummer. Emits a soft fragrance of anise when seeds are crushed. Long-lived and very easy to grow in most situations. Great for attracting birds and butterflies! Combines well with meadow grasses and flowers. Makes a wonderful cut flower, too!

Ratibita pinnata

Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm'

Black-eyed Susan

A garden classic with bold texture and upright habit. Bright gold petals with a deep brown cone highlight the garden in late summer. Each flower may last up to two weeks! Makes a wonderful and long lasting cut flower. Provides seeds in the winter for birds and nectar for butterflies. Beautiful and versatile, outstanding in mass plantings as well as perennial borders, meadows and prairie gardens.

Rudbeckia fulgida 'Goldsturm'

Rudbeckia fulgida var. fulgida

Black-eyed Susan

Shiny, deep green foliage. Smaller and finer than Rudbeckia 'Goldsturm' with 10 weeks of flowers from July into October. Six weeks after 'Goldsturm' is brown, this plant is at its peak! Excellent cut flower. Provides late summer nectar for butterflies and seeds in the winter for birds. Beautiful and versatile!

Rudbeckia fulgida var. fulgida

Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Little Goldstar'

Black-eyed Susan

This knee-high performer is a knockout in the landscape! Selected for copious floral display and dwarf habit with increased manageability, this variety has excellent branching and forms a tidy, compact clump. A bit more floriferous than 'Goldsturm', flowers are held high above rich green foliage and bloom from July into October.

Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Little Goldstar'

Rudbeckia lacinata

Cutleaf coneflower

This coneflower is a tall, erect and stately native with yellow ray petals accented by a green center held by coarse, hairy stems. Blooms in August and September. Excellent cut flower and butterfly magnet. R. laciniata can be found blooming in moist meadows, grassy roadsides and flood plains from Quebec to Montana south to Arizona and Florida.

Rudbeckia lacinata

Rudbeckia lacinata 'Autumn Sun'

Cutleaf coneflower

This long-blooming butterfly (especially monarch) magnet has large, glossy, deep green, deeply cut leaves along the stems and loose clusters of clear yellow ray flowers with large green cones that darken with age. Blooms for 8+ weeks in mid to late summer. Very cold hardy.

Rudbeckia lacinata 'Autumn Sun'

Rudbeckia maxima

Great coneflower

Huge powder-blue leaves make up 2' to 3' of basal foliage that is effective all during the growing season. In June and July, towering flower spikes explode with large, deep gold, drooping ray flowers with a black center. A must-have for the butterfly and bird lover! Reliable and deer proof.

Rudbeckia maxima

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Little Henry'

Sweet coneflower

The most darling little selection of native sweet coneflower you'll ever see! This is a third shorter than 'Henry Eilers'; the height has great appeal, but it is the unique petals that draw the most attention. Surrounding the traditional brown-eyed Susan cones are narrow quills that jet out all around it. A wonderfully compact, upright and vigorous introduction from Terra Nova.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Little Henry'

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers'

Sweet coneflower

Our friend Larry Lowman of Ridgecrest Nursery in Wynne, Arkansas graciously gave us this marvelous plant. It was collected from a railroad prairie remnant in southern Illinois and named for the man who found it, Henry Eilers, a horticulturist and retired nurseryman. Basal leaves appear in early spring and flowering stalks begin their ascent in June, reaching five to six feet and full flower by August, often staying in bloom into September. 'Henry Eilers' has finely quilled flowers of true yellow, not gold, and is stunning in a mass planting. It has captivated many visitors who have seen it here and motivated them to ask us to grow it. The leaves of Rudbeckia subtomentosa are sweetly scented with a subtle vanilla fragrance. It is lovely with Joe-Pyes and grasses, and it blooms with the Hibiscus hybrids and makes a great companion for them as well. 'Henry Eilers' has undeniable potential as a cut flower with its unique appearance, sturdy straight stems and long vase life.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers'

Rudbeckia triloba

Three-lobed coneflower

Hundreds of small, deep gold flowers bloom July through October! A naturalizing self seeder. Biennial or short-lived perennial. Georgia Gold Medal Winner in 1997. Three-lobed coneflower is very drought, heat and pest tolerant. Prized by butterfly and hummingbird gardeners.

Rudbeckia triloba

Ruellia humilis

Wild petunia

A drought-tolerant prairie native with delightful lavender-blue petunia-like flowers that bloom from summer to fall. Compact (great in pots!) and very easy to grow. Seeds in well. Great choice for a height-restricted meadow. Found in dry open woods and prairies Pennsylvania to Indiana, south to Alabama.

Ruellia humilis

Salvia lyrata 'Purple Knockout'

Lyre-leaf sage

Grown mainly for the foliage, 'Purple Knockout' has compact basal rosettes of shiny burgundy leaves that turn to deep purple in summer, then to red in the fall. Spikes of pale lilac-blue flowers appear in spring and summer, but sometimes the flowers have only calyces and no petals. We have not been able to determine the cause of this, but a cut back of the stems promotes new blooms that often have petals the second time around. Petals or no, the flowers are attractive to bees and butterflies. Very easy to grow in just about any soil, it will self sow to spread and become a dense groundcover that makes a great native substitute for Ajuga.

Salvia lyrata 'Purple Knockout'

Schizachyrium scoparium

Little bluestem
An upright and clump forming native grass with spiky blades of blue or green. Wispy silvery flowers occur in late summer, followed by a spectacular display of fall color changing from green and orange to deep burgundy. Remains attractive as an architectural feature through winter.
Schizachyrium scoparium

Schizachyrium scoparium 'Standing Ovation'

Little bluestem

A warm season grass that does well in poor, dry soils.  Spikey bluish-green stems and leaves transition to a sizzling display of oranges, reds, yellows, and purplish-browns in the autumn.  Also provides winter interest before cutting back in early spring to make way for new growth.

Schizachyrium scoparium 'Standing Ovation'

Scirpus cyperinus

Wool grass
A large, upright marsh grass with attractive wooly inflorescences that turn coppery in late summer and persist into winter.
Scirpus cyperinus

Scirpus validus

Soft-stemmed bulrush

Obligate wetland plant for inland shallow waters, non-tidal marshes and wildlife. Large triangular dark green stems with brownish inflorescences hang pendulously from spring to fall. Stems are unusually spongy. Emergent aquatic.

Scirpus validus

Scutellaria incana

Hoary skullcap
An eastern meadow native that provides weeks of color in mid-summer. Purple flowers top bushy green plants. Found at wood's edge and in sunny meadows from New York to Arkansas.
Scutellaria incana

Scutellaria ovata

Heartleaf skullcap

The foliage of this native beauty has a metallic-purple appearance in spring and early summer. As the leaves lose their luster in mid-summer, spikes of flowers appear in a cloud of violet blue. It prefers a dry, gravelly part shade, but will grow in any part or full shade site. Can go dormant after flowering in warmer zones.

Scutellaria ovata

Sedum ternatum 'Larinem Park'

Stonecrop

A low-growing, succulent native groundcover for shade, it carpets the woodland floor with whimsical round leaves arranged in threes. In spring it is covered in white star-shaped flowers. A slowly spreading, floriferous selection from Mineral County, WV, via The Primrose Path of Scottdale, PA. 'Larinem Park' is more tolerant of shade and moisture than other Sedum species.

Sedum ternatum 'Larinem Park'

Silene caroliniana var. wherryi 'Short and Sweet'

Wild pinks

Delightful, compact and easy to grow, Silene caroliniana is an excellent choice for bright shade or full sun. It is covered in deep pink flowers in late spring. Very reliable for us through wet and dry seasons, and in a cool spring it seems to bloom forever - one year we tracked 8 weeks of full bloom! A great native substitute for Dianthus, this Silene has similar appearance and bloom time, but tolerates a wider variety of garden situations. Silene 'Short and Sweet' is a fantastic plant for naturalizing, yet it can hold its own as a specimen in a container or patio garden as well.

Silene caroliniana var. wherryi 'Short and Sweet'

Sisyrinchium angustifolium 'Lucerne'

Blue-eyed grass

Bright blue star-shaped flowers with gold centers rise above fine, semi-evergreen, iris-like foliage from May to June. Excellent for edging, the 3/4" flowers are very good sized for the genus. We are very excited about this little gem. It will charm your customers for 8-10 weeks! Named by Robert Herman, who found it in Lucerne, Switzerland.

Sisyrinchium angustifolium 'Lucerne'

Solidago 'Solar Cascade'

Goldenrod

Delightful, golden-yellow flowers are borne in axillary clusters along reflexing stems from late summer into fall. Reliable, deep green, glossy foliage remains clean throughout the growing seasons. Not an aggressive runner, 'Solar Cascade' is a clump forming perennial reaching knee height, maxing out somewhere between the taller 'Fireworks' and more compact 'Golden Fleece'. Performs best in moist to average garden soil under full sun or partial shade; extremely drought tolerant once established. This great garden plant is easy to propagate and proved to be a standout in The Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden perennial trials. Plant en masse for a dramatic effect or incorporate into seasonal arrangements.

Solidago 'Solar Cascade'

Solidago caesia

Bluestem goldenrod

This clump forming, non-invasive native perennial boldly displays arching wands of golden clusters in September, contrasted by blue-green stems. Adds life to a dry shady spot. Great with Aster cordifolius and Chasmanthium. Incredible butterfly magnet and cut flower!

Solidago caesia

Solidago graminifolia

Grass-leaved goldenrod

Fine-textured linear foliage and golden flat-topped inflorescences in late summer. Cherished by butterflies and preying mantises and well as the wildflower enthusiast.

Solidago graminifolia

Solidago odora

Anisescented goldenrod

Wonderfully fragrant leaves give off an anise scent when crushed, reminiscent of licorice candy! The lance-shaped leaves are a glossy, smooth dark green. S. odora has a tidy, clump-forming habit and is not weedy or aggressive in the garden. Attracts butterflies, bees, ladybugs, lacewings and other beneficial insects. Its high ecologial value and handsome appearance make it a valuable addition to wildflower gardens, meadows and naturalistic borders.

Solidago odora

Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'

Goldenrod

A compact, cascading, clump-forming native cultivar with a radiating flower form that really looks like fireworks! A great addition for late season color and to lure the butterflies in. Selected and named by Ken Moore of North Carolina Botanical Garden in 1970. Introduced by Niche Gardens.

Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'

Solidago sempervirens

Seaside goldenrod

An east coast native that is useful for dune restoration projects, stormwater management, roadside, and habitat plantings.

Solidago sempervirens

Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece'

Goldenrod

Another fantastic Mt. Cuba introduction. A stunning show of sprays of golden yellow flowers from mid-August through September. Semievergreen heart-shaped leaves. Truly an excellent groundcover and bee and butterfly charmer! Hairstreaks, sulphurs and skippers are particularly attracted to goldenrod. Monarchs visit it during their autumn migration.

Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece'

Sorghastrum nutans

Indiangrass
A vigorous native warm season grass with bluish green foliage turning a translucent yellow-deep gold fall color and bearing beautiful panicles of copper. Excellent for cut flowers.
Sorghastrum nutans

Spigelia marilandica

Indian pink

One of the most striking and beautiful of our native perennials, Indian pink's summer flowers are brilliant red and tubular with canary yellow throats. A very hardy plant, though it is best planted by the end of July for reliable success in gardens and containers. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, it is at home in the bright woodland or shaded border.

Spigelia marilandica

Sporobolus heterolepis

Prairie dropseed

According to wild Niel Dibol, of Prairie Nursery, Westfield, WI, it is "often considered to be the most handsome of the prairie grasses. It makes a well defined and very distinctive border." Fine textured, deep green foliage with lovely, light and airy flowers to 2 1/2" in September and October. Flowers have a slight fragrance similar to coriander. Often has glowing pumpkin orange fall color. Good drought tolerance.

Sporobolus heterolepis

Stokesia 'Colorwheel'

Stokes' aster
A marvelous variety from Itsaul Plants with 3" flowers that open white and age to lavender then dark blue-purple. Flowers of all shades form a tapestry of color. A drought-tolerant native that looks neat and clean in a pot and fantastic in the garden. Very easy to grow.
Stokesia 'Colorwheel'

Stokesia laevis 'Peachie's Pick'

Stokes' aster

'Peachie's Pick' isn't peach or apricot, but it is a fantastic plant for pot culture and for the garden! Selected in Peachie Saxon's Mississippi garden, this Stokesia has the typical lavender blue flowers of the species, but it is very compact and has incredible flower power. And the flowers just keep coming, especially with periodic trims. This is our new favorite! 'Peachie's Pick' combines well with pinks and pale yellows.

Stokesia laevis 'Peachie's Pick'

Stylophorum diphyllum

Celandine poppy

Brilliant yellow flowers bloom in spring atop blue-green, pinnately lobed foliage. Leaf underside has a silvery cast. An easy to grow native that will self sow and form a dense shade groundcover. Tolerates all but the driest conditions. Beautiful with Virginia Bluebells, Columbine, Goats Beard, Wild Ginger and Woodland Phlox.

Stylophorum diphyllum

Thermopsis caroliniana

Carolina Lupine

Clump-forming perennial with dense spikes of sulphur yellow in June resemble Baptista or lupines. Clean, compound foliage is attractive late into the season. Very durable and long lived once established. Beautiful cut flower.

Thermopsis caroliniana

Tiarella cordifolia

Foamflower
Foamflowers are commonly found in the woods of eastern North America, but not nearly often enough in gardens. They are easy to grow and many will spread when given moist soil high in organic matter and shade. In the early spring fairy wand flowers of white or light pink appear over heuchera-like green, deeply veined leaves which are often tinged with burgundy.
Tiarella cordifolia

Tiarella cordifolia 'Brandywine'

Foamflower

Our friends from Sinclair (The Pharoah of Foamflowers) Adam Dunvegan Nursery, this is rated as one of the most vigorous of the genus. A strong grower with glossy, rugose leaves and excellent bronze fall and winter color. Bold, creamy white flowers persist for 6 to 8 weeks, a robust clump former with some short runners in spring and fall. Height: 8-12 inches (not in flower); 12-18 (in flower)

Tiarella cordifolia 'Brandywine'

Tiarella cordifolia 'Running Tapestry'

Foamflower
A vigorous running groundcover with red speckled, deeply dissected heart shaped foliage, Tirella Running Tapestry produces a plethora of white flower spikes in Spring. Discovered by Jim Plyler of Natural Landscapes Nursery, West Grove. PA, the irrepressible grower of native trees and shrubs. A Cornell University All Star Groundcover!
Tiarella cordifolia 'Running Tapestry'

Tiarella cordifolia var. collina 'Oakleaf'

Heartleaf foamflower
One of the first and still one of the best of the new generation of foamflowers. A very long blooming, clumping plant with wonderfully shaped leaves, light pink flowers and bronze new spring growth. Brilliant burgundy winter color. A shared introduction from the University of Delaware, the Brandywine Conservancy and Dunvegan Nursery.
Tiarella cordifolia var. collina 'Oakleaf'

Tradescantia ohiensis

Spiderwort
This Spiderwort of Pennsylvania provenance is a great landscape plant for hot sunny locations, unlike others in the genus. Attractive bluish-grey foliage with flowers in blue, pink or purple from early June to September. Think of a flowering grass-like, drought-loving native perennial.
Tradescantia ohiensis

Verbena 'Homestead Purple'

Verbena

Named by Dr. Alan Armitage, of the University of Georgia. Vigorously spreading, deep purple clusters from June to November. Excellent clean, deep green foliage with a trailing habit. Has been surviving the winter here lately, but it gets a very slow start in the spring. Best treated as an annual zone 6 or less.

Verbena 'Homestead Purple'

Verbena hastata

Blue vervain
The tall thin spikes of Blue Vervain grace the wet meadows of the US in July and August. Verbena hastata is a short-lived perennial that readily self sows where happy. A great plant for pond's edge where it seeds in between sedges and rushes and cheerfully holds its own.
Verbena hastata

Vernonia glauca

Upland ironweed
A native Pennsylvania plant that is happy in ordinary to dry spots. A bit shorter than V. noveboracensis, and much more adaptable to average garden conditions. Deep purple loose upright flower clusters in August and September are attractive to people and butterflies. Help us make it less rare!
Vernonia glauca

Vernonia lettermannii 'Iron Butterfly'

Ironweed

This selection of the Arkansas native comes to us from Dr. Allan Armitage's trials at the University of Georgia. It has lovely fine foliage like Amsonia hubrichtii and is a compact, well-branched and vigorous plant. In late summer it is covered with true purple flowers that attract plenty of butterflies. Found in rocky flood plains, Vernonia lettermannii is very tolerant of hot dry locations, yet can withstand brief periods of inundation.

Vernonia lettermannii 'Iron Butterfly'

Vernonia noveboracensis

New York ironweed
Deep purple haze in damp meadows, roadsides and pastures. A lovely native that adapts well to any moist location.
Vernonia noveboracensis

Veronicastrum virginicum

Culver's root

Big dramatic spikes of white Veronica-like flowers in July and August. Very tough and long-lasting once established. Found in open woods, moist meadows, and praries east of the Rockies.

Veronicastrum virginicum

Veronicastrum virginicum 'Lavender Towers'

Culver's root
This Pagels introduction is outstanding! A regal plant that hovers above the border with long spikes of pale purple flowers in mid summer. Whorled foliage provides an interesting foil for early summer bloomers.
Veronicastrum virginicum 'Lavender Towers'

Viola walteri 'Silver Gem'

Prostrate blue violet

From the gardens of Mt. Cuba Center, North Creek is delighted to introduce this tough native groundcover. Easily identified by trailing stems and delicate lavender flowers, 'Silver Gem' forms a dense, tidy mat of attractive silver foliage. Flowers appear in March and persist into autumn. Our plant trials have proven 'Silver Gem' to be exceptionally drought tolerant and happiest in part to full shade. Pot in quarts or gallons for early spring sales.

 

Viola walteri 'Silver Gem'

Woodwardia virginica

Virginia chain fern
Virginia Chain Fern is a great native landscaping fern for those tough areas with moist or saturated soils. Spreading quickly, it provides a dense, weed-resistant groundcover in damp sites or sunny pond edges. It also is beautiful, and less assertive, in average garden conditions.
Woodwardia virginica

Zizia aurea

Golden Alexanders

Golden clusters of 3-4" umbels in May and June. Deep green, leathery, handsomely divided basal foliage. Native to wooded bottomlands, stream banks, moist meadows, and floodplains east of the Rockies. Very attractive to butterflies.

Zizia aurea
Botanical Name     Common Name
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