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Spigelia marilandica (Indian pink)
Species Distribution Map: Click to enlarge
Map Color Key © 2013 BONAP

Spigelia marilandica

Indian pink or woodland pinkroot

One of the most striking and beautiful of the native perennials, Indian Pink's summer flowers are brilliant red and tubular with canary yellow throats. A very hardy plant, though it is best planted by the end of July for reliable success in gardens and containers. A favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds, it is at home in the bright woodland or sunny border.

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Spigelia marilandica LP32 - 32 per flat $104.00
Spigelia marilandica - 72 per flat $126.00
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Height

12-18 Inches

Spread

12-16 Inches

Spacing

12 Inches

Bloom Color

Red

USDA Hardiness Zone 5-9

Indian pink Interesting Notes

If this isn't the region's most beautiful native, then I don't know who is... any votes for Elvis or Dolly? This exquisite woodland perennial makes a dainty looking 12" wide clump of 1' tall stalks clothed with nondescript green foliage. In late spring, however, the clumps become topped with dozens of spectacular up-facing, tubular, bright red flowers with a dramatically contrasting yellow center. The clump, which improves with age, will be a true garden show-stopper! Plant Delights

Although called Indian Pink, this plant (Spigelia marilandica) actually has tubular flowers that are bright crimson with a bright yellow lining. It is under-used by hummingbird gardeners but is an excellent plant for a yard with tall established trees that cast light shade beneath them. Operation Ruby Throat

Indian pink is a clump-forming, Missouri native perennial which occurs in moist woods and streambanks in the far southeastern part of the State. Features one-sided cymes of upward facing, trumpet-shaped, red flowers (to 2" long) atop stiff stems growing to 18" tall. Each flower is yellow inside and flares at the top to form five pointed lobes (a yellow star). Flowers bloom in June. Glossy green, ovate to lance-shaped leaves (to 4" long). Kemper Center for Home Gardening

Habitat: (Spigelia marilandica) Southeastern N. American native perennial herb, found in rich woods from New Jersey to Florida and west to Texas and Wisconsin, primarily in the Southern States. Indian Pink is fast disappearing, due to over harvesting. Cultivation: a very ornamental plant, Indian Pink succeeds in most fertile soils in semi-shade, transplant root cuttings in rich well drained soil. The leaves are pointed, stemless, alternate and opposite growing from 2 to 4 inches long, and up to 3 inches wide. The showy flowers are tube-shaped, bright scarlet red outside, opening into a bright yellow 5 pointed star, flowers bloom from May to July atop a smooth simple erect stem from 6 inches to 2 feet high. The roots are rhizome, knotty and dark-brown externally, with many thin, long, wiry rootlets attached to it, marked with scars of the stems of former years, internally the rhizome is whitish, with a darkbrown pith. Collect rootstock, after the flowers fade. The root is best used when fresh but can be harvested in the autumn then dried for herb use.

Folklore: Used by the Cherokee and other American Indians tribes as a ritual and ceremonial herb to induce visions and foretell the future. Deb Jackson & Karen Shelton

Spigelia marilandica Growing and Maintenance Tips

Grow in partial to full shade in rich soil with high organic content. A very hardy plant, though it is best planted by the end of July for reliable success in gardens and containers. Prefers not to be transplanted once established.

Key Characteristics & Attributes

Butterflies
Butterflies
Hummingbirds
Hummingbirds
Part Sun
Part Sun
Average
Average
Moist
Moist
Container
Container

Additional Information

Growth Rate
Medium
Season of Interest (Flowering)
Late Spring / Early Summer
Plug Type
Landscape Plug™
Propagation Type
Vegetative
Attributes
Wildflower Garden
Moist Shade
Native to US
Mass Planting