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Native Plants

Featuring American Beauties Native Plants

Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z ALL

Acorus americanus

Sweetflag
Acorus americanus is a hardy perennial swamp or bog plant with sweet, spicy-scented leaves. Spadix like flowers appear in June and July, followed by dark berries. Found at water's edge from Nova Scotia to Virginia to Washington to Alaska. Great for stabilizing pond edges or filling a boggy area.
Acorus americanus

Actaea pachypoda 'Misty Blue'

White baneberry

White baneberry is a striking, multi-stemmed woodland perennial selected for soft, bluish-green, finely cut foliage. Flowers appear in spring, followed by vivid, reddish pedicels which produce large, white ‘doll’s eyes’ fruit in autumn, persisting for 4-6 weeks. Fruit is marked by a distinct black dot. This cultivar was discovered in a planting of unknown origin at Mt. Cuba Center in Greenville, Delaware.

Mt. Cuba Center is a non-profit organization committed to promoting and appreciation for plants native to the Piedmont, encouraging their use in gardens and supporting their conservation in nature. Tours, educational programs and plant introductions provide a means for future generations to gain an appreciation of the diversity and landscape potential of plants that comprise the Piedmont flora. 

Actaea pachypoda 'Misty Blue'

Adiantum pedatum

northern maidenhair

Dainty bright green fronds are held aloft on shiny black stems creating a light, airy texture in the woodland garden. In rich soil and bright shade it will spread by shallow rhizomes to form a dense groundcover. Found in the humus-rich woodlands and moist woods of Eastern North America. Easy to grow as long as the soil is loose and rich.

Adiantum pedatum

Agastache foeniculum

Anise hyssop

An upright, clump-forming perennial native to parts of the upper Midwest and Great Plains region. Lavender to purple flowers are densely packed along showy, cylindrical, terminal spikes mid to late summer. Medium green, lanceolate foliage remains clean throughout the season and carries a refreshing anise scent, attracting hummingbirds and butterflies.

Agastache foeniculum

Agastache rupestris

Rock anise hyssop
Licorice Plant, so nicknamed by Dr. Allan Armitage, of the University of Georgia for the deliciously scented foliage - mmmm - let your customers rub it! Striking warm rosy orange verticillate flowers with silvery foliage sets this plant apart. It is upright, somewhat shrubby and quite cold tolerant. This is an outstanding plant, in flower from June until killing frost. Championed by Panayoti Kelaidis of the Denver Botanic Gardens.
Agastache rupestris

Allium cernuum

Nodding onion
Found on ledges, in dry meadows, gravel, rocky or wooded slopes, this delicate onion has gently nodding pink flowers in late spring. Beautiful in the garden or naturalized in a meadow. Easy, dependable and very drought tolerant once established.
Allium cernuum

Amsonia hubrichtii

Threadleaf bluestar
A graceful and long lived native plant with very fine foliage, clusters of steel blue flowers in May and June on an upright, bushy plant. Excellent golden fall color. Thrives in full sun or part shade. No insect or pest problems with these babies. Found in Arkansas in 1942 by Leslie Hubricht.
Amsonia hubrichtii

Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia

Eastern bluestar

This long-lived, clump-forming, herbaceous perennial features three to four weeks of light blue, star-shaped flowers in spring. Terminal flower clusters are succeeded by ornamental seed pods. Narrow, willow-shaped foliage transitions from green into attractive shades of yellow in fall. An easy to grow, no fuss native perfectly suited for the perennial border. Beautiful when used en masse along the perennial border or in a fresh cut arrangement.

Amsonia tabernaemontana var. salicifolia

Andropogon gerardii

Big bluestem

The king of native grasses, Big Bluestem has handsome gray to blue-green stems in spring turning to green alternating with deep red in summer then to coppery red in fall. Three fingered seed heads top tall stems in August. Clump forming with excellent drought tolerance once established. Andropogon gerardii can be found in moist meadows and along side roads and rivers from Canada to Mexico.

Andropogon gerardii

Andropogon glomeratus

Bushy beardgrass

Flowers emerge in September, enclosed in densely clustered bushy bracts atop stiffly upright stems. Green summer foliage transitions to an attractive copper-orange in autumn. Happiest in wet conditions such as bogs, marshes, swamps, swales and other low, moist ground. Multiple seasons of interest; use in cut flower arrangements.

Andropogon glomeratus

Andropogon virginicus

Broomsedge

An easy-to-grow clump forming native warm season grass with incredible golden copper fall color. A pioneer soil stabilizing plant that does well in poor, infertile areas and surprisingly in floodplains. It's wonderful for xeriscaping, in coastal areas, fall and winter cut stems and restoration.

Andropogon virginicus

Anemone canadensis

Meadow anemone
A strong growing plant that needs room to move. Clear white single flowers top out at 18" from mid spring to early summer. A robust and competitive plant that brightens up woodland edges and shady corners of the garden. Combines well with other spring-blooming perennials such as Polemonium, Sisyrinchium and Mertensia.
Anemone canadensis

Aquilegia canadensis 'Little Lanterns'

Canadian columbine
Replacing Canyon Vista as our compact red-stemmed selection, Little Lanterns is short in stature, but free with flowers. Numerous pendant flowers in shades of red and yellow cover the plant in late spring. This selection resolves a few grievances that some have expressed about Aquilegia canadensis by having consistantly shorter stature and more intense color than the species.
Aquilegia canadensis 'Little Lanterns'

Aquilegia canadensis

Wild columbine
Red flowers with yellow centers hang like drifts of softly illuminated lanterns in April and May. Excellent as a shady rock garden naturalizer, it also is quite content in average garden conditions. Occurs naturally in rich rocky woods, north-facing slopes, cliffs, ledges, pastures, and roadside banks. Native to all states east of the Rockies, but not found in Louisiana.
Aquilegia canadensis

Aruncus dioicus

Goat's beard
Aruncus dioicus is a fantastic native with large, fine textured feathery blooms in late Spring. Though closely related to Spiraea, Goat's Beard more closely resembles a giant Astilbe. When happy Aruncus can be a formidable garden plant, reaching a spread of 6 feet or more. It is lovely when used at woods edge and it can provide a dense screen beneath a high canopy.
Aruncus dioicus

Asarum canadense

Wild ginger

An attractive native groundcover for moist shade, wild ginger spreads slowly via underground rhizomes.  Lustrous dark green, kidney-shaped foliage usually obscure the unique brown jug-like flowers.  Will naturalize, incorporate into a native plant garden or woodland display.

Asarum canadense

Asclepias curassavica

Bloodflower
Asclepias curassavica is a tender perennial that grows upright and tall with spiraling lanceolate leaves. The flowers, in small scarlet red and orange umbels, are very bright and showy, and wonderful at attracting Monarch butterflies. Blood Flower is a milkweed and thus contains a milky sap that exudes from the foliage when cut or damaged.
Asclepias curassavica

Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'

Swamp milkweed
A marvelous long-blooming, bright white selection of swamp milkweed. Clear white flowers and dark green foliage make the colors of the hundreds of visiting butterflies glisten in the sunlight.
Asclepias incarnata 'Ice Ballet'

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp milkweed

One of the most beautiful of native perennials with clusters of upturned pink flowers in June and July. Much underused in average garden conditions! Attracts butterflies of all kinds. Willow-like leaves are 4-5" long. Occurs in floodplains and wet meadows.

Asclepias incarnata

Asclepias syriaca

Common milkweed

This native classic is best known as a food of larval monarch butterflies (along with its siblings A. incarnata and A. tuberosa). Robust and stoloniferous with deep pink clusters of fragrant flowers in June and July, followed by lovely pods of silky seeds in October.

Asclepias syriaca

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly weed
A tough, drought-tolerant native with intense orange flowers in mid to late summer. Attracts many varieties of butterfly and is especially attractive to Monarchs. A beautiful solution for a dry sunny slope! Occurs in dry fields and roadsides in most of the US.
Asclepias tuberosa

Asclepias verticillata

Horsetail milkweed
A widely adaptable and tough native is a deer-resistant food for larval butterflies. The fine-textured foliage provides a dark green backdrop for the clusters of white flowers that appear in June and July.
Asclepias verticillata

Aster cordifolius

Blue wood aster

Clouds of blue flowers in early fall in shade! A great naturalizer under trees, at the edge of woods, or as a filler among Hostas and Astilbes, which look pretty rough by September. Found in woods and dry meadows.

Aster cordifolius

Aster cordifolius 'Avondale'

Blue wood aster
This selection of the native Wood Aster is a prolific bloomer and carpets the shade garden with light blue in early fall, when little else blooms and the hostas are in decline. A quick and easy pot crop for fall sales. Beautiful and long-lasting as a filler in autumn flower arrangements!
Aster cordifolius 'Avondale'

Aster divaricatus 'Eastern Star'

White wood aster
We have grown this select form anonymously for many years and have deemed it worthy of a name. It is shorter than the species and has deep dark shining mahogany stems. It came our way from Canyon Creek Nursery, via Roger Rache, then of the Berkley Botanic Gardens's Eastern US section. Originally collected from coastal Rhode Island.
Aster divaricatus 'Eastern Star'

Aster divaricatus

White wood aster

Produces a fairyland of glistening of small white daisies in September and October. Lovley naturalized in shade, average, and dry soil. Found in deciduous woods and along roadsieds of the Eastern US.

Aster divaricatus

Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry'

Heath aster
A very low dense carpeting groundcover that is smothered with 1/2" single white flowers with gold centers in September. A good strong grower and a totally new look and use for Asters! Makes an excellent container plant.
Aster ericoides 'Snow Flurry'

Aster lateriflorus 'Lady in Black'

Calico aster
Who can resist plants with great names? Aster 'Lady in Black' is an elegant 3-4' mound of purplish- black strappy leaves smothered in red-centered tiny white daisies in late summer and early fall. A stronger, more statuesque sister of Aster 'Prince' that will thrive in average soil in sun or part shade, but shows best foliage coloration in full sun. Thousands of flowers per plant - a butterfly's dream!
Aster lateriflorus 'Lady in Black'

Aster novae-angliae 'Purple Dome'

New England aster

A naturally compact form with deep purple flowers in August and September.  Eye-popping with Solidago 'Golden Fleece'.  One of the most garden-worthy native selections out there.  A fine introduction from the Mt. Cuba Center.

Aster novae-angliae 'Purple Dome'

Aster novae-angliae

New England aster
Tall and majestic, New England Aster rules the prairie in autumn. The deep blue to purple, and sometimes pink flowers are highlights of the late season wildflower garden. Blooms late into the fall, well after the first frosts. This is a critical late season nectar source for butterflies, especially for Monarchs, as they stock up for their long migration to Mexico.- Prarie Nursery
Aster novae-angliae

Aster novae-angliae 'Vibrant Dome'

New England aster
Vibrant, hot-pink, star-shaped flowers with yellow center accents adorn lance-shaped green foliage through autumn. The compact, mounding habit of this sport of Aster 'Purple Dome' has proven mildew resistance. Reaching between 15 and 20 inches, A. 'Vibrant Dome' performs best in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. A beautiful performer for late season color.
Aster novae-angliae 'Vibrant Dome'

Aster novi-belgii

New York aster

Local midatlantic native of moist to wet meadows. Flowers may vary in shades of pink, purple and white and bloom in early fall, which is late August and early September here in PA.

Aster novi-belgii

Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies'

Aromatic aster
Shorter, bushier, bluer sister of 'Raydon's Favorite'. A strong growing low mound of bushy foliage covered in lavender blue flowers in mid fall. Highly tolerant of drought and poor soils. This Primrose Path introduction has excellent groundcover potential.
Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies'

Athyrium filix-femina 'Victoriae'

Lady fern
"This is the most spectacular of all cultivars in its magnificent frond architecture. It is really the Queen of Green", according to Dr. John Mickel former curator of ferns at the New York Botanical Garden and author of "Ferns for American Gardens". As with other forms of lady ferns there is so much variability with spore production that it is necessary to produce this form in tissue culture, so its clones are identical to the parent. This superb selection has fronds whose pinnae (leaflets) crisscross to form x's and has crested pinnae tips. Another superior cultivar in the Mickel Collection ™.
Athyrium filix-femina 'Victoriae'

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides

Lady fern
Handsome crowns of feathery fronds are typical of this genus. Delicate and lacy with arching fronds and dark red stems at maturity. Strong-growing and dependable, the Lady Ferns are great garden plants. Tough and easy to grow, this beauty is the right choice for perennial borders and woodlands alike. A breathtaking flush of new fronds appears in the spring, with new leaves appearing throughout the season for a continuously fresh look. Found in swamps, thickets and damp woods east of the Rockies.
Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides
Botanical Name     Common Name
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